2009 年 39 巻 4 号 p. 1013-1025
In Okinawa Prefecture, the production of sugarcane, fruit, vegetables, stock, seafood and other agricultural commodities is influenced by the subtropical climate. The share of agriculture in the economy of Okinawa is smaller than the 2nd and 3rd largest industries. However, it is thought that agriculture makes an important contribution to sightseeing, the leading industry in Okinawa Prefecture, to affect the economy and employment. So far, there has been no quantitative analysis of the multilateral value of agriculture in Okinawa and its importance may not be sufficiently grasped.
In this paper, we analyze the multilateral value of Okinawa agriculture with a questionnaire survey analysis and input-output analysis. Specifically, we analyze the multilateral value of agriculture in Okinawa based on the following two points.
⌈Analysis I⌋ Estimated contribution of agriculture to sightseeing in Okinawa ·Based on a questionnaire survey of tourists that come to Okinawa Prefecture, we quantitatively evaluated the contributions of agriculture to sightseeing in Okinawa. As a result, the contribution to sightseeing by agriculture was estimated to be \61.2 billion annually. Also, it was estimated that there is a total contribution of \ 91.3 billion annually by the agriculture and fisheries industry and this is equivalent to 22.4% of the \ 408.3 billion yen income from sightseeing in Okinawa Prefecture in 2006.
⌈Analysis II⌋ The economic ripple effect and creation of employment by agriculture in Okinawa ·The economic ripple effect to the whole country of Japan was \90.6 billion in agricultural output from Okinawa Prefecture in 2006. It was estimated that this was an effect of \ 721.9 billion in gross production (8.0 times the agricultural output), and an additional value of \ 376.5 billion and 77,365 jobs created per year as determined by the input-output analysis.
JFL Classification: Q10, R10, R15