Embedded zero-tree image coding in wavelet domain has drawn a lot of attention. Among noteworthy algorithms is the set partitioning in hierarchical trees (SPIHT). Typically, most of images' energy is concentrated in low frequency subbands. For an image with textures, however many middle-high frequency wavelet coefficients are likely to become significant in the early passes of SPIHT; thus the coding results are often insufficient. Middle and high frequency subbands of images may demand further decompositions using adaptive basis functions. As wavelet packet transform offers a great diversity of basis functions, we propose a quadtree based adaptive wavelet packet transform to construct adaptive wavelet packet trees for zero-tree image coding. Experimental results show that coding performances can be significantly improved especially for fingerprints images.
2008 The Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers