2019 年 139 巻 4 号 p. 505-509
Comprehensive identification of antigens in immune complexes (IC-antigens) is beneficial to provide insights into pathophysiology and could form the basis for novel diagnostic and treatment strategies for many immune-related diseases. Immune complexome analysis is a method for comprehensively identifying and profiling IC-antigens in biological fluids (such as serum and cerebrospinal fluid). We applied this strategy to the analysis of circulating ICs in autoimmune diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, systemic scleroderma, and systemic lupus erythematosus), infectious diseases, and cancers. Fluorogenic derivatization-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (FD-LC-MS/MS) consists of fluorogenic derivatization of proteins, followed by HPLC of the derivatized proteins, isolation of the proteins differentially expressed in a certain group, enzymatic digestion of the isolated proteins followed by LC-tandem MS using a database-searching algorithm for protein identification. We have applied this method to understand the cardioprotective effect of pre-administration of docetaxel in adriamycin/docetaxel combination anti-cancer therapy, and the cellular processes that are affected by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in mouse stomach tissue during ulcer formation.