It is important to establish educational programs for wildlife management according to the variety of local societal characteristics and types of jobs. Various wildlife seminars are held by prefectures, municipalities, and universities. However, there is a possibility that the effect of seminars is reduced by mismatches between not only the objective of seminars and the experiences of wildlife management, but also the seminar content and needs of the participants. We aimed to investigate the influence of the experience of participants on understanding our seminar, knowledge acquisition of wildlife management, and spreading effect, as well as, to clarify the request for wildlife seminars for each job type. A questionnaire survey was conducted at wildlife seminars, which were organized by the Research Center for Wildlife Management, Gifu University, and the study included 340 participant responses. The contribution of future activity was influenced by the number of wildlife experiences. In addition, administrative officers and private companies wished for the seminar to cover topics such as contents of research, damage control, and ecology, whereas students wished for overview of wildlife, not for damage control. Consequently, it is important to establish step-by-step or continuous educational programs according to the number of experiences. Moreover, wildlife managers are required to familiarize themselves with research, ecology, and damage control throughout off-the-job training and on-the-job training. In particular, it would be necessary to establish a comprehensive core curriculum for wildlife management for students, as they play a vital role in the future of wildlife management.
Huge blowdown areas were created due to a typhoon in 2004 around Lake Shikotsu, Hokkaido, Japan. These blowdown areas formed an ideal foraging habitat for herbivores, because of the canopy gaps. Here, we report the results of 146 spotlight counts, that were conducted around Lake Shikotsu from October 2006 to October 2015. We observed 2,732 sika deer throughout the study period, and the relative population index increased from 2.20 deer/10km in autumn 2006 to 18.42 deer/10km in autumn 2015.
Amami rabbit (Pentalagus furnessi) dwell only on Amami-Oshima Island and Tokunoshima Island in southern Japan. These rabbits are sometimes rescued in traffic accidents. In such cases, the rabbits should be fed food that they consume naturally to adequately rear them. To clarify the food resources, we surveyed feeding signs of Amami rabbits on May, July and October in 2019 and February in 2020 at two sites (Sumiyou and Yamato) on Amami-Oshima Island. We recorded approximately 80 plant species consumed by the Amami rabbit. The leaves of the plants were most often eaten.
This study aimed to investigate the distribution of Japanese serows (Capricornis crispus) in Hakone, Kanagawa, Japan, which has not been confirmed since the Meiji era. A total of 15 automatic cameras were set up from October 2017 to September 2020 (12047.6 camera-days) in the Hakone Nature Forest of Tamagawa University. Japanese serows were observed on four occasions (October 31, 2017, and June 3, June 4, and September 14, 2019) at two sites, providing the first reliable record of the presence of serows in Hakone. Although the previously confirmed areas inhabited by Japanese serows were at a distance > 10 km from the present study area, the recorded distance was considerably larger than the diameter of the home ranges (which was assumed to be circular in shape) and the dispersal distances of Japanese serows. The findings of this study suggest that Japanese serows may be continuously distributed from the study area to the previously confirmed inhabited areas.