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Online ISSN : 2424-0664
Print ISSN : 0916-6920
ISSN-L : 2424-0664
16 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の8件中1~8を表示しています
特集
  • 宮崎 年恭, 田代 英治, 江月 志保
    2006 年 16 巻 1 号 p. 1-10
    発行日: 2006/03/25
    公開日: 2017/07/04
    ジャーナル フリー

    We investigated about flow cytometry (FCM) currently performed as a reference for standardizing immunophenotyping of hematologic neoplasia with 3 Commercial Clinical Laboratories in Japan, 3 cancer research institutes in the U.S.A., and 1 cancer research institute in Europe. Investigation followed quality control (QC) of the instrument, the cluster of differentiation (CD) panel, the gating method, and the data analyzing method. About QC, the method of managing mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) using a fluorescence bead in all institutions was taken. The fluorescence bead to be used had the institution which uses only CaliBRITE Beads, and the institution which is using together Rainbow Calibration Particle which can check five kinds of fluorescence peaks. About the CD panel, the feature was accepted by each purpose, diagnosis of the neoplasm cell before treatment, minimal residual disease (MRD) detection after treatment, monitoring of the mature process of the cell in bone marrow after treatment, and the analysis of a special case. About the gating method, FSC-SSC dot-plot gating and CD45 blast gating were used together with most of institutions. With a European institution, CD45 blast gating was not made indispensable. With one institution in the U.S.A., CD45 blast gating which used CD45 Log-SSC dot-plot was used. Although 2-dimensional analysis was performed with most of institutions about the data analyzing method, multi-dimension analysis was performed with two facilities in the U.S.A.. Establish the standard method of immunophenotyping of hematologic neoplasia is an important subject in order to raise the clinical meaning of FCM.

  • 出口 隆生, 駒田 美弘
    2006 年 16 巻 1 号 p. 11-18
    発行日: 2006/03/25
    公開日: 2017/07/04
    ジャーナル フリー

    Assessment of immunophenotype is essential for diagnosis and risk-directed therapy in pediatric leukemia. Although flow cytometry has been widely used for diagnosis of hematological malignancies, the complexity of multiparameter analysis techniques and the multitude of sample preparation methods and available monoclonal antibodies demand a standardization of protocols for the use of flow cytometry in clinical laboratories in order to achieve interlaboratory reproducibility. Therefore, the Working Group for Standardization of Immunophenotypic Diagnosis in Pediatric Hematological Malignancies has been started in order to establish a consensus protocol for flow cytometric diagnosis of pediatric leukemia in Japan, as a basis for quality assurance and support for upcoming technologies such as immunological detection of minimal residual disease. Fact-finding inquiry was made to reveal actual situation of immunophenotypic diagnosis of pediatric leukemia in Japan. The survey results indicated majority of institutes tend to use central flow cytometric centers by clinical study groups as a principal laboratory if they have available central flow cytometric laboratories. In contrast, institutes without available central laboratory look commercial laboratory as a principal diagnostic laboratory. In most of institutes, immunophenotypic analysis was submitted to some laboratories, and pediatric hematology-oncologist with experience of flow cytometric analysis was thought to make a final immunophenotypic diagnosis. Inquiry was also made against the central laboratories of leukemia study group and commercial laboratories. It was showed diverse protocols for sample preparation and analysis as well as insufficient systems for a guarantee of examination quality. Based on these results, we indicated the proposal panels for diagnosis of pediatric leukemia, and also form a plan of external quality control survey for major pediatric immnophenotyping laboratories in Japan. To establish precise and reproducible immunophenotypic diagnostic protocol will helps to choose adequate treatment and improve outcomes of pediatric leukemia throughout the activities of working group.

  • 米山 彰子
    2006 年 16 巻 1 号 p. 19-24
    発行日: 2006/03/25
    公開日: 2017/07/04
    ジャーナル フリー

    Flow cytometric analysis has become essential in the diagnosis and management of hematologic neoplasms. The cellular markers commonly used for immunophenotyping of leukemia are CD13, CD33, CD117,cytoplasmic myeloperoxidase for myeloid lineage, CD10, CD19, CD20, CD22, CD23, cytoplasmic CD79a for B-cell, CD2, CD3, CD7, CD4, CD8, cytoplasmic CD3, TCRα/β, TCRγ/δfor T-cell, CD16, CD56 for NK-cell lineage, CD41, CD42, CD61 for megakaryocytic lineage and CD235a for erythroid lineage. CD34, HLA-DR and TdT are also used. Immunophenotyping is especially necessary for the diagnosis of biphenotypic acute leukemia and FAB M0 of AML. Blasts of AML M0 are histochemically negative for myeloperoxidase, but flow cytometry (FCM) demonstrates myeloid markers such as CD13, CD33 and myeloperoxidase. Biphenotypic acute leukemia is characterized by the presence of blasts coexpressing lymphoid and myeloid antigens. In addition, FCM is useful in diagnosing the extramedullary infiltration of leukemia by analysing specimens such as ascites, pleural effusion, cerebrospinal fluid and solid tissue specimens. The evaluation of mininal residual disease (MRD) by FCM is useful for leukemic blasts with antigenic abnormalities, such as AML with B- or T-cell associated markers or CD56. Sensitivity of 10-2~10-4 can be achieved by identifying blasts on SSC/CD45 dot plots and data acquisition from a large number of events.

  • 東 克巳
    2006 年 16 巻 1 号 p. 25-31
    発行日: 2006/03/25
    公開日: 2017/07/04
    ジャーナル フリー

    Flow-cytometry (FCM) of cell surface markers is routinely used for the clinical diagnosis of hematopoietic malignancies in our institution. This test is important for the diagnosis and for the planning of treatment schedule but, presently, we face with the problem of loss (absence) of standardization of the laboratory procedures. Similar to internal quality control, the external quality control is essential to guarantee the compatibility of data at an inter-institutional level. However, at present, there is no basic manual, and therefore, no standardization. “Guidelines for performing surface antigen analysis on hematopoietic malignant cells.” (JCCLS H2-A V1.0) was extracted from FCM-WG (Chairperson: Shiro Miwa) of the Japanese Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (JCCLS) for the guarantee of precision, accuracy and standardization in 2003. The present report aims to introduce the “JCCLS H2-P V1.0 guideline” as an example of standardization for the tests for the analysis of hematopoietic tumor cell surface markers in adult leukemia.

原著
  • 久保 美子, 山岡 美佳, 楠 洋一郎
    2006 年 16 巻 1 号 p. 33-41
    発行日: 2006/03/25
    公開日: 2017/07/04
    ジャーナル フリー

    原爆放射線による免疫系の障害を被った被爆者では,半世紀以上経た今日においてもナイーブCD4 およびCD8T 細胞の割合の低下が認められている。今回,被爆者におけるナイーブT細胞集団の減少が胸腺でのT細胞産生の低下によるものか検討する目的で,原爆被爆者末梢血T細胞集団におけるT-cell receptor-rearrangement excision circles (TRECs) を測定するリアルタイムPCR法の確立を試みた。研究室内の対照を用いて行ったリアルタイムPCR では,良好な再現性でTRECのDNA配列を定量的に検出することができた。これまでに測定を完了した445名について,性,年齢,および被ばく線量を変量とした多重回帰解析を行ったところ,CD4 T細胞集団におけるTREC数は女性で有意に多く,男女とも加齢につれ有意に減少した。また,被爆時の年齢が20歳未満の対象者では,被ばく線量の増加とともに低下する傾向(p = 0. 09) が示唆された。CD8 T細胞集団においても同様の性差および加齢の影響が認められたが,有意な放射線の影響は観察されなかった。これらの結果は,原爆放射線被ばくによる胸腺でのCD4 T 細胞産生の長期低下の可能性を支持する。この仮説を検証するためには,さらに対象者数を拡大して調べる必要がある。

  • 林田 雅彦, 北田 佳代, 奥村 敦子, 弓場 吉哲, 小橋 陽一郎
    2006 年 16 巻 1 号 p. 43-49
    発行日: 2006/03/25
    公開日: 2017/07/04
    ジャーナル フリー

    CD10 expression assessed by flow cytometry (FCM) is useful in diagnosis of acute B-cell lymphoid leukemia, angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) and follicular lymphoma (FL). However, in a considerable number of patients with AITL and FL, expression level of CD10 is so low that it cannot be detected with antibodies. We compared the sensitivity of seven commercially available CD10 antibodies, and investigated association of translocation of bcl-2 and CD10 expression in FL. There are significant difference in the several antibodies in fluorescent level. Fluorescence intensity of all five phycoerythrin (PE)-labeled antibodies are higher than those of two fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labeled antibodies. In FL, detection rate of CD10 was 32/56 (57%) with FITC-labeled antibodies, and 36/42 (86%) with PE-labeled antibodies, respectively. In 41 patients with FL, with PE-labeled antibodies, CD10 expression rate was 35/41 (85%), and 24 patients (58%) harbored translocation of bcl-2. None showed translocation of bcl-2 without expression of CD10. In regard to detection of CD10 expression in FL by FCM, sensitivity depends on the sort of antibody.

総説
  • 河内 茂人, 古屋 智子, 小賀 厚徳, 佐々木 功典
    2006 年 16 巻 1 号 p. 51-54
    発行日: 2006/03/25
    公開日: 2017/07/04
    ジャーナル フリー

    Because RNA is easily degraded by RNase that is present in tissues handled by routine methods of surgical pathology, it is sometimes difficult to obtain satisfactory results in in situ hybridization for mRNA on archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections. In situ reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (in situ RT-PCR) is a technique that allows in situ amplification of reverse-transcribed complementary DNA (cDNA) originating from mRNA. Because in situ RT-PCR amplifies cDNA on a tissue section, it is considered theoretically more suitable for in situ detection of target mRNA than conventional in situ hybridization. In the present article, we reviewed and discussed in situ RT-PCR with special reference to the technical aspects.

  • 原田 明希摩, 小泉 潔, 平田 知己, 平井 恭二, 山岸 茂樹, 川島 徹生, 榎本 豊, 川本 雅司, 清水 一雄
    2006 年 16 巻 1 号 p. 55-59
    発行日: 2006/03/25
    公開日: 2017/07/04
    ジャーナル フリー

    Cortactin(EMS-1)とは,細胞骨格,細胞分化,及び細胞接着に対して重要な役割を果たしている遺伝子であり,F-actinや微小管などの因子との因果関係についても報告がある。現在までに多数の癌でのover-expressionが報告されているが,詳しい作用機序などは未だ不明である。そこで今回,私達は肺腺癌におけるCortactinの発現量と,作用について検討を行った。はじめに,肺腺癌におけるCortactinの発現を調べたところ,免疫染色とRT-PCRによって正常部に比べ高率に強発現がみられた。そこで次に,肺腺癌細胞を用い,機能解析を行った。si-RNAを用いてノックダウン細胞を作成し,実験を行ったところ,F-actinの減少による運動能の低下がみられた。重ねて,Microtubeの局在変化が顕著に見られた。 以上より,肺腺癌においてCortactinがF-actinのbinding factorとしてだけではなく,Microtubeの関連遺伝子としても働いていることが示唆された

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