MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a vital role in many biological processes, including cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, development, differentiation, and carcinogenesis. Since miRNAs might play a part in cancer initiation and progression, they comprise an original class of promising diagnostic and prognostic molecular markers. In order to systematically understand the regulation of miRNA expression in cancers, the current study analyzed the miRNA expression profile in NCI-60 human cancer cell lines. Over 300 miRNAs exhibited unique expression profiles in cell lines derived from the same lineage. This study identified 9 lineage-specific miRNA expression patterns. Moreover, results indicated that miR-720 and miR-887 are expressed at relatively high levels in breast cancer cell lines compared to other types of cancer. Ultimately, matching NCI-60 drug response data to miR-720 and miR-887 expression profiles revealed that several FDA-approved drugs were inversely related to miR-720 and miR-887. Furthermore, the anti-cancer effect of perifosine was significantly enhanced by inhibiting miR-720 and decreased by miR-720 precursor treatment in breast cancer cell lines. 5-Fu treatment was enhanced by inhibiting miR-887 and decreased by miR-887 precursor treatment. The current results offer insight into the relationship between miRNA expression and their lineage types, and the approach used here represents a potential cancer therapy with the help of miRNAs.
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