As emphasized in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) 2015–2030, an important key for enhancing citizens’ resilience is cooperation, in which universities and academic organizations may bear the burden of connecting people. Recently, some universities have conducted various DRR education programs together with local governments and citizens in Japan. In this report, we introduce the progress of our three international cooperative projects between Japan and Mongolia conducted between 2014 and 2018: 1) establishment of the Cooperative Center for Resilience Research (CCRR) by the National University of Mongolia and Nagoya University; 2) the Public Symposium for Earthquake DRR with the Mongolian Government; and 3) the Grass-Roots Joint Project of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for disaster awareness in Khovd Province (Aimag), Mongolia. Through these transdisciplinary research projects, we intended to identify the essential conditions for an effective enhancement of citizens’ resilience. As a result, we found the following key aspects to be considered in international DRR cooperation flamework: 1) transfer the spirit of DRR rather than simply its components, 2) customize DRR to match the climate and residents’ temperament in the target area, 3) consider whether the project is consistent with the public policy of the target area, and 4) involve regional organizations and residents to ensure continuity for DRR activity.
This study aims to identify the complex process of gentrification in Reuter Quarter, Neukölln, in the former West Berlin inner-city district Neukölln. First, the gentrification indicator model was incorporated to examine the functional, social, structural, and symbolic upgrading. Then, the author identified the geographical characteristics of the ‘New Use’ (art-related use, new retail business, and new service business) and its relevance to the ages of buildings. Further, interviews with business proprietors of New Use revealed changes in the commercial environment and its main causes in the subject area. As a result, the study indicated that the subject area initially showed signs of revitalization before it gradually transformed into gentrification; the symbolic upgrading induced other types of upgrading; scene gastronomies, specifically cafes, bars, and restaurants encouraged the formation of the nightlife district; and finally, as culture and consumption contribute to the transformation of the commercial environment, they play an important role in gentrification.
This study explores the behavior of transnational migrants in a global city—in this case, Koreatowns in the New York metropolitan area. Global changes in post-war capitalism and US immigration policies attracted various Korean migrant groups to the New York metropolitan area. These can be classified as old-timers, who migrated before or during the 1980s in the hope of securing permanent residency, and newcomers—relatively young and highly educated professionals who have migrated since the 1990s. Old-timers typically relocate to the suburbs via ethnic enclaves, on which they are strongly reliant. In contrast, newcomers are dispersed across the metropolitan area, sometimes visiting Koreatown as a node of the ethnic human network or for Korean-style service. These distinctive behaviors mean that migrant characteristics change with the economic growth of emerging countries, in turn changing the urban space of global cities.