The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the utility of Smallest Space Analysis (SSA) developed by Louis Guttman for the data analysis of cross-national survey using the example of the AsiaBarometer survey. The AsiaBarometer is a large scale multi-national questionnaire survey conducted at regular intervals (every year from 2003) within the Asia region. This paper analyzes the data from the 4th AsiaBarometer survey which was conducted from June to August 2006 in seven countries: China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Vietnam. The AsiaBarometer survey contains question items that measure the respondents' beliefs, attitudes and behaviors in various aspects of everyday life, as well as items intended to measure their values related to freedom, human rights, and democracy, and their political behaviors. In this data analysis, I deal with the following three groups of question items: (1) question items on “well-being,” (2) question items on “social trust, ” and (3) question items on “political attitudes.”
This paper examines the growth of popular genealogical research in Japan, ‘the quiet boom’ in researching ancestral family lineages by lay members of the public. Such popular genealogy is not unique to Japan and has become popular on a global-scale by the publication of Alex Haley's Roots in 1976. Since around 2000, a number of recent factors have influenced the growth of popular genealogy in the Japanese context. One of the important factors in the rise of popular genealogy in Japan was the ‘traditional house consciousness’. Under this trend, some genealogists have a strong interest in knowing and passing on the family history of closer relatives. At the same time, the creation of the huge family tree has been strongly encouraged and aided by rapid developments in technology, such as a computer software Roots 2006. The visiting ancestors' place of origins has developed into a form of ancestral (or “roots”) tourism. These trends show that the recent popular genealogy in Japan is practiced as hobbies.
“HEITAI-YAKUZA” is a series of entertainment movie made by DAI-EI motion picture in 1960's. And the original novel of “HEITAI-YAKUZA” is “KISABURO-ICHIDAI” which was
written by Yorichika Arima. This movie and novel describe NAIMU-HAN which shows us the organization of army life in Japanese army (TEIKOKU-RIKUGUN) before 1945. Also the novels describing NAIMU-HAN start arise from “SHINKU-CHITAI” written by Hiroshi Noma in 1952. After that, Kyojin Onishi wrote “SHINSEI-KIGEKI”, it describes a NAIMU-HAN, the organization of Japanese army life, too. If I put “HEITAI-YAKUZA” and “KISABURO-ICHIDAI” in the describing of NAIMU-HAN novels context, I can find out the value of hero, Kisaburo Omiya who breaks down the non-democratic society in Japanese army. After that, I analyze about the soldier's songs sung at NAIMU-HAN. The soldier's songs sung in “SHINKU-CHITAI” were spreading songs in Japanese army. Japanese soldiers had to sing the Japanese army songs, “GUNKA”, of obligation, but they did not like to sing these songs, liked to sing the soldier's songs, for example, “MANKI-SOTEN” and “GUNTAI-KAZOEUTA”. To understand this gap between the Japanese soldiers and the organization of the army will be a key to know the military life in Japan before W. W. Ⅱ. In the story of “KISABURO-ICHIDAI“, Omiya and “I“ brought over some Korean women to China to run the “P-YA (prostitution house)“. After the defeat of Japan, Yorichika Arima wrote that these Korean women sung “ARIRANG” and “HOTARUNO-HIKARI” to Omiya and “me”. “HOTARUNO-HIKARI” is one of the popular farewell songs in Japan. So “I” was moved by these songs but I think that it is a terrible mistake, because this song has a special meaning in Korea. Koreans sang the national anthem “AE-GUK-KA” on the melody of “Auld Lang Syne”, because they did not have a melody for their national anthem at that time. For this reason, I think that the Korean women did not sing this song as farewell song. The Korean women sang this song as their national anthem for Korean independence than as a farewell song. This gap of perception between Arima and the Korean women has continued now, between Japanese and Koreans.
In this article, we examine the sexual representation in the GHQ occupation period by focusing on Tamura Taijiro's short novel, “Gate of Flesh.” Various social elements of Japan's defeat and allied occupation are explored and contextualized in the novel. Especially, the prostitute, “Pan Pan“ is the blank screen in which the contemporary desire is reflected. And it can be interpreted as the symbol of the social exclusion and inclusion in that era. This article also deals with the American “shadow” as the absent presence in Taijiro's “Gate of Flesh”, and argues that this text is the vertex of the sexuality and politics from the cultural point of view.