海洋音響学会誌
Online ISSN : 1881-6819
Print ISSN : 0916-5835
最新号
選択された号の論文の3件中1~3を表示しています
論文
  • Masahiko FURUSAWA, Kazuo AMAKASU
    2018 年 45 巻 4 号 p. 183-196
    発行日: 2018/10/01
    公開日: 2019/01/07
    ジャーナル フリー

    The multi-frequency acoustic method to identify fish species using the frequency dependence of backscatter from fish (relative frequency response) has been investigated. The method has been successfully applied to broad identification, such as distinguishing between swimbladder and nonswimbladder fishes, but it is not always possible to identify acoustically similar fish species as swimbladder fishes. To improve identification power, we, therefore, propose a method that uses the difference of fish-length-to-wavelength ratio (L/λ) characteristics of backscatter among fish species (relative L/λ characteristic), instead of or together with the relative frequency response. We, first, theoretically confirm the rationale for using the relative L/λ characteristic with prolate-spheroid scattering models of fish. Second, we compute target strengths for several types of fish models, and show the advantage of using the relative L/λ characteristic. Third, using experimental examples in which species identification was difficult, we apply the proposed method and ascertain its effectiveness. Finally, we discuss the necessary and challenging procedure to know fish lengths and other issues.

研究速報
翻訳論文
  • Shinpei GOTOH, Taiyo KOBAYASHI, Yoshihisa HIYOSHI, Toshio TSUCHIYA
    2018 年 45 巻 4 号 p. 204-216
    発行日: 2018/10/01
    公開日: 2019/01/07
    ジャーナル フリー
    Indirect observation to convert the sound speed has been carried out as a method of observing the ocean acoustic environment from water temperature and salinity observed in the mooring buoy and ship observations. However, there is a problem in that these have both high initial cost and running cost. Therefore, to address these issues, a study of the wide area ocean sound observation system using the observation data from a marine automatic observation float was performed. To capture in detail the changes in the ocean acoustic environment due to recent climate change, however, it is necessary to observe areas of the deep sea that can not be detected by Argo floats. Also, during the season when the Antarctic Ocean is frozen, continuous observation data of the deep sea cannot be acquired, and water temperature, salinity, and sound speed structure are not clear. As a result, JAMSTEC developed a new profiling float, called the “Deep NINJA” for deep-sea observations. The float was subjected to a yearlong monitoring of the Antarctic Ocean off the Adelie Coast in 2012. For the first time, it succeeded in monitoring long-term the sound speed profile to a depth of 4000 m in the Antarctic Ocean, and was able to capture a seasonal change in the surface area in the freezing and thawing seasons. In addition, by calculating sound speed from these data, simulations were performed assuming low-frequency sonar. The results obtained the ingredient that propagates while repeating a reflection in the extremely small layer of the sea surface neighborhood, and the ingredient that propagates while being reflected near a water depth of 100 m, which changes the sound speed gradient. From this, propagation loss was found to be smaller in winter than summer, and the possibility that a sound wave would propagate to a more distant place was demonstrated. This may affect the long-distance sound wave propagation of the echolocations of passive sonar and marine mammals.
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