The Journal of Medical Investigation
Online ISSN : 1349-6867
Print ISSN : 1343-1420
ISSN-L : 1343-1420
Volume 63 , Issue 3.4
Showing 1-32 articles out of 32 articles from the selected issue
Reviews
  • Ryo Momosaki, Shoji Kinoshita, Wataru Kakuda, Naoki Yamada, Masahiro A ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 153-158
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The purpose of this study was to review the best available evidence of noninvasive brain stimulation, including repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for dysphagia after acquired brain injury. We searched randomized controlled trials that compared noninvasive brain stimulation with control used to improve dysphagia after acquired brain injury. We assessed dysphagia severity rating scales and penetration-aspiration scale as outcomes immediately after intervention. We calculated the pooled estimate of the standardized mean difference (SMD) to combine individual results. We included 8 published studies. Two heterogenous trials of 48 patients showed that rTMS was associated with a significant improvement in the dysphagia severity rating scale score (SMD 2.95). Three homogeneous trials of 88 patients showed a significant effect of rTMS on the penetration-aspiration scale score (SMD 0.77). Two homogeneous trials of 34 patients showed that tDCS was associated with a significant improvement in the dysphagia severity rating scale score (SMD 1.20). The review provided low-quality evidence for the effectiveness of noninvasive brain stimulation in improving dysphagia after acquired brain injury. Further trials of larger sample sizes are needed to determine the most appropriate noninvasive brain stimulation protocol. J. Med. Invest. 63: 153-158, August, 2016

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  • Ichiro Hashimoto, Yoshiro Abe, Soshi Ishida, Keisuke Kashiwagi, Kazuhi ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 159-162
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Flap transplantation has been an important procedure in plastic and reconstructive surgery to cover and fill various defects. Flap necrosis due to blood circulation failure leads to severe complications, especially in a patient undergoing reconstruction concerning the body cavity after tumor ablation. Surgical procedures for flap transplantation have been further improved and developed. We have reviewed from the random pattern flap to the newest procedure, the perforator flap. Perforator vessels were investigated in the process of development of the fasciocutaneous flap and have become important for blood supply of the skin flap. Blood circulation of the flap has become more stable and reliable than ever with the development and findings of the perforator vessels. Further development of a skin flap will be based on the perforasome concept, which involves the study of the territory and linking of perforator vessels. J. Med. Invest. 63: 159-162, August, 2016

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Originals
  • Takuji Kawamura, Koji Uno, Kiyohito Tanaka, Yuki Ueda, Naokuni Sakiyam ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 163-170
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This retrospective study aimed to clarify the clinical characteristics of advanced colorectal neoplasms after colonoscopy, likely to have been missed on the previous colonoscopy. We reviewed a total of 5,768 consecutive colonoscopies performed from April 2010 to September 2013 in 4,841 patients, and analyzed advanced colorectal neoplasms after colonoscopy, particularly focusing on their morphological characteristics and locations, as compared with primary lesions, defined as lesions detected in their first colonoscopy or in a subsequent colonoscopy >5 years after the previous one. Of the 5,768 examinations, 922 advanced neoplasms (including 217 cancers with ≥T2) were detected, and 167 lesions (18.1%) were diagnosed within 5 years after a previous colonoscopy (post-colonoscopy advanced neoplasms). The incidence of right-sided lesions in the post-colonoscopy advanced neoplasms (48.5%, 81/167) was significantly higher than in the primary lesions (34.0%, 257/755; p <0.001). We excluded 217 cancers with ≥T2 from the morphological analysis to characterize early-stage post-colonoscopy advanced neoplasms. The incidence of non-polypoid lesions in the post-colonoscopy advanced neoplasms (25.6%, 41/160) was significantly higher than that in the primary lesions (12.3%, 67/545; p <0.001). These findings suggest that extra attention should be paid to non-polypoid, right-sided advanced colorectal neoplasms during screening and surveillance colonoscopy. J. Med. Invest. 63: 163-170, August, 2016

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  • Toshiyuki Iwame, Tetsuya Matsuura, Naoto Suzue, Shinji Kashiwaguchi, ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 171-174
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Purpose: Our aim was to examine the outcome of an elbow check-up system for youth baseball players. In particular, we investigated the nature of elbow injuries in youth baseball players with elbow pain and ultrasonographic findings of the capitellum. Materials and Methods: A total of 1605 players participating in the regional summer championship in July 2013 underwent a questionnaire survey, physical examination, ultrasound imaging, and radiographic examination. Results: A total of 499 (31.1%) players reported episodes of elbow pain, of whom 320 (64.1%) had abnormal findings on physical examination, and 115 (35.9%) agreed to undergo radiography. Among them, 98 (85.2%) exhibited radiographic abnormalities. On the initial ultrasonography screening, 60 (3.7%) players had an abnormal finding and 55 (91.7%) agreed to undergo radiography. Among them, 26 (47.3%) were found to have osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the capitellum on radiographs. Conclusions: About 30% of youth baseball players had episodes of elbow pain, and 64.1% of players with elbow pain had abnormal findings on physical examination. Furthermore, 85.2% of subjects who underwent radiographic examination exhibited radiographic abnormalities. About 4% of young baseball players had an abnormal finding on initial ultrasonography screening, and nearly 50% of them had OCD of the capitellum on radiographs. J. Med. Invest. 63: 171-174, August, 2016

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  • Delgerdalai Khashbat, MD, Takashi Abe, MD, Mungunbagana Ganbold, MD, ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 175-181
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Purpose: Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is an alternative method to Dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) perfusion MRI for brain tumors. However, ASL cerebral blood flow (CBF) can be easily affected by transit time. DSC MRI derived time to maximum of the residue function (Tmax) is possible to assess the transit time on ASL. Methods: Thirty patients with brain tumors were studied using ASL and DSC MRI. The relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF), relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV), Tmax, and mean transit time (MTT) were obtained from DSC MRI. The ratios of the parameters were analyzed. Results: ASL CBF ratio correlated with the DSC rCBF ratio (r=0.78, p<0.001) and rCBV ratio (r=0.74, p<0.001). There was a moderate correlation between ASL CBF ratio and Tmax ratio (r=-0.43, p<0.05) in brain tumors. Conclusions: ASL CBF strongly correlated with DSC rCBF and rCBV. In addition, a negative correlation was found between ASL CBF and Tmax in brain tumors, indicating that these parameters would be affected by transit time. This may explain why ASL CBF is different from DSC rCBF and rCBV. The decreased DSC Tmax value may suggest high vascularity in a tumor. J. Med. Invest. 63: 175-181, August, 2016

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  • Koh Uyama, Shoji Sakiyama, Mitsuteru Yoshida, Koichiro Kenzaki, Hiroak ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 182-186
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The mortality and morbidity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are high. However, no radical therapy has been developed to date. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether fetal mouse lung tissue can grow and differentiate in the emphysematous lung. Fetal lung tissue from green fluorescent protein C57BL/6 mice at 16 days' gestation was used as donor material. Twelve-month-old pallid mice were used as recipients. Donor lungs were cut into small pieces and implanted into the recipient left lung by performing thoracotomy under anesthesia. The recipient mice were sacrificed at day 7, 14, and 28 after implantation and used for histological examination. Well-developed spontaneous pulmonary emphysema was seen in 12-month-old pallid mice. Smooth and continuous connection between implanted fetal lung tissue and recipient lung was recognized. Air space expansion and donor tissue differentiation were observed over time. We could clearly distinguish the border zones between injected tissue and native tissue by the green fluorescence of grafts. Fetal mouse lung fragments survived and differentiated in the emphysematous lung of pallid mice. Implantation of fetal lung tissue in pallid mice might lead to further lung regeneration research from the perspective of respiratory and exercise function. J. Med. Invest. 63: 182-186, August, 2016

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  • Shinya Yoshida, Koji Yasutomo, Toshiyuki Watanabe
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 187-191
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Atopic dermatitis (AD) is caused by both dysregulated immune responses and an impaired skin barrier. Although leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is involved in tissue inflammation that occurs in several disorders, including AD, therapeutic strategies based on LTB4 inhibition have not been explored. Here we demonstrate that progression of an AD-like skin disease in NC/Nga mice is inhibited when docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)/eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is administered together with FK506. Treatment with DHA/EPA and FK506 decreases the clinical score of dermatitis in NC/Nga mice and lowers local LTB4 concentrations. The treatment also suppressed the infiltration of T cells, B cells, eosinophils and neutrophils, and promoted reduced serum IgE levels. Secretion of IL-13 and IL-17A in CD4+ T cells was lower in DHA/EPA- and FK506-treated mice than in mice treated with FK506 alone. The inhibition of disease progression induced by DHA/EPA was reversed by local injection of LTB4, suggesting that the therapeutic effect of DHA/EPA is LTB4-dependent. Our results demonstrate that treatment of AD with DHA/EPA is effective for allergic skin inflammation and acts by suppressing LTB4 production. J. Med. Invest. 63: 187-191, August, 2016

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  • Miyuki Kanematsu, Masami Morimoto, Masako Takahashi, Junko Honda, Yosh ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 192-198
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Background Overdiagnosis in mammography (MMG) is a problem. Combination of MMG and ultrasonography for breast cancer screening may increase overdiagnosis. Most cases of overdiagnosis are low-grade ductal carcinoma in situ (LGD), but no reports have focused on them. Materials and methods We immunostained 169 ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) cases for ER, PgR, HER2 and Ki67 and classified them into 4 subtypes: ER(+)/HER2(-), ER(+)/HER2(+), ER(-)/HER2(-) and ER(-)/HER2(+). The Ki67 index was used to evaluate the grade of malignancy and examined for correlations with each ER/HER2 subtype and the nuclear grade (NG), with/without comedo necrosis. Results The Ki67 index correlated significantly with NG, both with/without comedo necrosis, and reliably evaluated the grade of malignancy. The index for ER(+)/HER2(-) (n=117, 69.2%) was 7.45±7.10, which was significantly lower than for each of the other types. The index was 5.71±6.94 for ER(+)/HER2(-) without comedo necrosis (n=52, 30.8%), which was significantly lower than with comedo necrosis. This was considered LGD, characterized by absence of microcalcification in MMG and either presence of a solid mass or cystic lesion or absence of hypoechoic areas in ultrasound. Conclusion In Japan, ER(+)/HER2(-) without comedo necrosis accounts for about 30% of DCIS and is LGD. This may be being overdiagnosed. J. Med. Invest. 63: 192-198, August, 2016

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  • Wataru Oboshi, Kensaku Aki, Tomoki Tada, Toru Watanabe, Nobuyasu Yuki ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 199-203
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Surface CD56 is the most important cell marker for defining NK cells. However, the relationship between the expression of surface CD56 and NK cell activity has not yet been elucidated in detail. Thirteen healthy volunteers were enrolled in the present study. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were stimulated with rIL-2 or rIL-12 (1, 10, 100 U/mL) for 18 h at 37°C. After incubation, surface CD56 expression on NK cells was evaluated using a flow cytometric analysis. A colorimetric-based lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay was used for experiments on cytotoxicity. IFN-γ mRNA gene expression was quantified by real-time PCR. The expression level of surface CD56 on NK cells, cytotoxicity, and IFN-γ mRNA gene expression were significantly increased by the rIL-2 and rIL-12 stimulations. In addition, a positive correlation was found between surface CD56 expression and cytotoxic activity or IFN-γ mRNA gene expression. We revealed that the quantification of surface CD56 expression was applicable to the evaluation of cytotoxicity and IFN-γ production in activated NK cells. These results suggest that the measurement of surface CD56 expression represent an easy and rapidly reproducible technique to evaluate the activated state of NK cells and monitor NK cell activity in immunotherapy. J. Med. Invest. 63: 199-203, August, 2016

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  • Yasuhiro Funakoshi, Masafumi Harada, Hideki Otsuka, Kenji Mori, Hiromi ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 204-208
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in the functional connectivity of the default mode network (DMN) in normal aging and in children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) by using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) and independent component analysis. Methods: Thirty-one healthy controls (HC) in four age groups (1-3, 4-8, 20-29, and 50-59 years) and 14 childhood ASD cases (1-8 years of age) were examined by rsfMRI echo-planar imaging on a clinical 3-T MRI scanner. Imaging of all children (1-8 years) was conducted under sedation, while adults were scanned in the awake state with eyes closed. Results: The regions of DMN functional connectivity in the bilateral inferior parietal lobule and posterior cingulate cortex were smaller in HC children than in HC adults, and smaller in the ASD group than in the HC children. Conclusion: It is possible to observe developmental and pathological changes in the DMN by rsfMRI. Reduced DMN functional connectivity in children may be a useful biomarker for ASD diagnosis. J. Med. Invest. 63: 204-208, August, 2016

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  • Hiroko Hashimoto, Hiroe Tani, Tsuneo Ninomiya, Kenji Mori
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 209-215
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The purpose of this study was to determine the factors related to the need for cooperation with child guidance centers with a focus on the presence or absence of a history of childhood problems in at-risk parents receiving support from their municipality. Among the 1890 parents who received child care support from public health nurses in the municipalities, 164 parents (8.7%) had a history of childhood problems. Among these, 50 parents (30.5%) received support from child guidance centers. The parents with a history of childhood problems had a higher incidence rate for receiving support from child guidance centers than other parents. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that “marital strife or domestic violence”, and “financial problems” were associated with consultations with child guidance centers among parents with a history of childhood problems. The results showed that family situations of parents who had a history of childhood problems may, in time, become more severe, even if they have received support from public health nurses in the municipalities. Therefore, parents with a history of childhood problems need support as early as possible. In addition, those parents with “marital strife or domestic violence” and “financial problems” also need guidance and early nursing care interventions. J. Med. Invest. 63: 209-215, August, 2016

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  • Yutaro Yamashita, Hiroaki Nagae, Ichiro Hashimoto
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 216-218
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Pilonidal sinus is a cystic disease that occurs most often in the sacrococcygeal region. Surgical excision and coverage with a skin flap require postoperative bed rest. Most affected patients are young adults who find it difficult to obtain adequate postoperative bed rest owing to their work. The purpose of this study is to review the effectiveness of our ambulatory surgery procedure for pilonidal sinus, which involves tract excision and open treatment followed by at-home irrigation. We reviewed the 9 cases of chronic pilonidal sinus treated at our out-patient clinic by ambulatory surgery consisting of open excision without skin closure. Patients were sent home after careful observation for hemostasis at the surgical site. Postoperative wound treatment and irrigation were performed at home by the patients themselves. The mean immediate postoperative follow-up period was 22.3 days (13 to 31 days), and the mean number of follow-up visits was 3.3. No serious complication and recurrence was noted during the long-term follow-up period of 26.3 months (1 to 60 months). Although the healing time following our ambulatory procedure was not short, no postoperative rest was required, and the recurrence rate was zero. We believe this procedure is useful for selected patients with pilonidal sinus. J. Med. Invest. 63: 216-218, August, 2016

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  • Saki Saijo, Yuki Kuwano, Kiyoshi Masuda, Tatsuya Nishikawa, Kazuhito R ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 219-226
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Serine/arginine-rich splicing factors (SRSFs) play wide-ranging roles in gene expression through post-transcriptional regulation as well as pre-mRNA splicing. SRSF7 was highly expressed in colon cancer tissues, and its knockdown inhibited cell growth in colon cancer cells (HCT116) in association with altered expression of 4,499 genes. The Ingenuity Pathway Analysis revealed that cell cycle-related canonical pathways were ranked as the highly enriched category in the affected genes. Western blotting confirmed that p21, a master regulator in cell cycle, was increased without any induction of p53 in SRSF7 knockdown cells. Furthermore, cyclin-dependent kinase 2 and retinoblastoma protein were remained in the hypophosphorylated state. In addition, the SRSF7 knockdown-induced cell growth inhibition was observed in p53-null HCT116 cells, suggesting that p53-independent pathways were involved in the SRSF7 knockdown-induced cell growth inhibition. The reduction of SRSF7 stabilized cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (CDKN1A) mRNA without any activation of the CDKN1A promoter. Interestingly, SRSF7 knockdown also blocked p21 degradation. These results suggest that the reduction of SRSF7 post-transcriptionally regulates p21 induction at the multistep processes. Thus, the present findings disclose a novel, important role of SRSF7 in cell proliferation through regulating p21 levels. J. Med. Invest. 63: 219-226, August, 2016

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  • Sei-ichi Nakano, Hidetaka Iwasaki, Eiji Kondo, Katsushi Miyazaki, Haru ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 227-229
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Objective: Globus pharyngeus (GP) is a common symptom of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD), and proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and rikkunshito, a traditional Japanese medicine having prokinetic effect improve LPRD symptoms. In the present study, we examined the efficacy of high-dose PPI in combination with rikkunshito in patients complaining of GP. Methods: 106 patients complaining of GP without any organic endoscopic findings were enrolled. Results: Patients were first administrated with high-dose PPI alone for 4 to 8 weeks and the symptom was improved in 65 patients. Among 41 patients with PPI-refractory GP, 22 patients were administrated with high-dose PPI in combination with rikkunshito, and the symptom was improved in 14 of 22 patients 4 weeks later. The average value of a modified reflux symptom index of the responders was similar to that of non-responders. Only a few patients had positive values in reflux finding scores in both groups. Conclusion: The present findings suggest the existence of a high prevalence of LPRD in patients complaining of GP. The data also suggest that gastroesophageal dysmotility is involved in GP, in addition to excessive acid reflux. The pre-therapeutic laryngopharyngeal symptoms and endoscopic findings could not predict the efficacy of the treatment for GP. J. Med. Invest. 63: 227-229, August, 2016

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  • Satoshi Shinozaki, Hiroyuki Osawa, Hirotsugu Sakamoto, Yoshikazu Hayas ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 230-235
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The effect of acotiamide on gastrointestinal symptoms is undefined. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of acotiamide on abdominal symptoms in patients with functional dyspepsia. We retrospectively reviewed 51 patients treated with acotiamide. We evaluated patient quality of life using the Izumo scale that detects changes in quality of life caused by abdominal symptoms. Acotiamide ameliorated the symptoms of functional dyspepsia at one and three months (improved: 61% vs 80%, p=0.029 and resolved: 17% vs 33%, p=0.069). We then evaluated the effect of acotiamide on epigastric pain syndrome (EPS) (n=33) and postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) (n=41). Acotiamide treatment showed an early effect on rates of improvement (63%) and resolution (42%) of EPS symptoms at one month, maintained up to three months (69% and 39%, respectively). Both rates of improvement and resolution of PDS symptoms showed a significant increase from one month to three months (56% vs 78%, p=0.021 and 17% vs 46%, p=0.004, respectively). The severity of functional dyspepsia symptoms before treatment was significantly associated with failed resolution of functional dyspepsia symptoms (p=0.013). Acotiamide improves and resolves EPS symptoms as well as PDS symptoms. PDS symptoms take longer to resolve than EPS symptoms. J. Med. Invest. 63: 230-235, August, 2016

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  • Masami Morimoto, Masako Takahashi, Junko Honda, Takahiro Yoshida, Mits ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 236-240
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Background: Serum E2 must be monitored for aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy, but conventional assays lack sensitivity. Subjects/Methods: Forty amenorrheic breast cancer patients scheduled for AI treatment but requiring hormonological confirmation of their menopausal status were studied. Serum E2 data generated by high-sensitivity RIA and by LC-MS/MS were analyzed for correlation. Results: RIA gave a higher E2 value than LC-MS/MS in 62% of cases, but there was a significant positive correlation. Patients whose E2 levels by RIA were ≥ 2.5 pg/mL higher than those by LC-MS/MS (RIA-H group) and all other patients (RIA-N group) were compared. Both groups showed strong correlations between the two assay methods. With both methods patients with a high BMI had significantly elevated E2. Multiple regression analysis used age, age at menarche, number of births and BMI as explanatory variables. Significant variables were the BMI with LC-MS/MS, and both BMI and age with RIA. The RIA-H and RIA-N groups showed no difference in regard to the BMI, whereas the age was significantly lower in the RIA-H group. Summary: Serum E2 levels determined for postmenopausal women by RIA and LC-MS/MS generally correlated well. High-sensitivity RIA is a potentially useful clinical assay, but it overestimated serum E2 in some women. J. Med. Invest. 63: 236-240, August, 2016

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  • Hiroshi Tatano, Hisami Yamanaka-Okumura, Bei Zhou, Chisaki Adachi, Yuk ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 241-247
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Reducing dietary calorie density (CD) is useful in body weight management. This study investigates the association between dietary habits and preferences for different CDs. We conducted a randomized crossover study of 232 healthy subjects who consumed packed lunch boxes containing a control, high-meat and low-rice, low-vegetable, medium-fat and low-vegetable, high-fat, and high-fat and low-vegetable meals over six sessions. The subjective levels of sensory properties were assessed over time using a visual analog scale and the area under the curve. Subjects were assessed for dietary habits using a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire (BDHQ) and were divided into two groups based on a daily fat energy ratio ≥ 25% (high fat [HF], n=116) and < 25% (normal, n=116) that was matched for age, body mass index, and sex ratio. Our findings indicate that the desire for sweetness was higher in the HF group than in the normal group, regardless of the meals consumed. Particularly, among the 500-kcal low-CD meals, a high-protein meal provided greater fullness and satisfaction and lower prospective consumption in the HF group than in the normal group. Therefore, our study demonstrates that postprandial appetite sensation is associated with dietary habits of fat intake. J. Med. Invest. 63: 241-247, August, 2016

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  • Yoko Setoguchi, A. Ammar Ghaibeh, Kazue Mitani, Yoshiro Abe, Ichiro Ha ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 248-255
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Objective: To develop a prediction model for pressure ulcer cases that continue to occur at an acute care hospital with a low occurrence rate of pressure ulcers. Methods: Analyzing data were collected from patients hospitalized at Tokushima University Hospital during 2012 using an alternating decision tree (ADT) data mining method. Results: The ADT-based analysis revealed transfer activity, operation time, and low body mass index (BMI) as important factors for predicting pressure ulcer development. Discussion: Among the factors identified, only “transfer activity” can be modified by nursing intervention. While shear force and friction are known to lead to pressure ulcers, transfer activity has not been identified as such. Our results suggest that transfer activities creating shear force and friction correlate with pressure ulcer development. The ADT algorithm was effective in determining prediction factors, especially for highly imbalanced data. Our three stumps ADT yielded accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity values of 72.1%±3.7%, 79.3%±18.1%, and 72.1%±3.8%, respectively. Conclusion: Transfer activity, identified as an interventional factor, can be modified through nursing interventions to prevent pressure ulcer formation. The ADT method was effective in identifying factors within largely imbalanced data. J. Med. Invest. 63: 248-255, August, 2016

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  • Nobuyasu YUKIMASA, Shoichi SATO, Wataru OBOSHI, Toru WATANABE, Ryuichi ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 256-261
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Hepatitis B (HB) vaccination is one of the most efficient tools to prevent the transmission of the virus. Considerable variability exists in HB vaccine responses, with 5-10% of healthy Japanese adults demonstrating no response following a standard vaccination. Recently, polymorphisms of immune-regulatory genes, such as cytokine genes, have been reported to influence the immune response to HB vaccine. The aim of this study was to investigate the underlying mechanisms of the genetic association between several cytokine gene polymorphisms and the immune response to HB vaccination in a Japanese population. One hundred and twenty three vaccinated young adults were classified according to the level of antibody-titer (anti-HBs). Single nucleotide polymorphism typing for IFN-γ (+874, 3'-UTR), IL-10 (-591, -819, -1082), and TNF-α (-308, -857), was accomplished using the PCR-RFLP or SSP-PCR method. The TNF-α (-857) CC type and the IL-10 (-1082) AG type were present more frequently in the low titer group than in the high titer group. The TNF-α (-857) CC type was found to be significantly associated with low response of serum anti-HBs. The anti-HBs antibody was not readily produced in the IL-10 (-1082) AG and TNF-α (-857) CC haplotype. Conversely, the antibody was readily produced in the IL-10 (-1082) AA and TNF-α (-857) CC haplotype, and the IL-10 (-1082) AA and TNF-α (-857) CT haplotype, suggesting a high likelihood of the IL-10 (-1082) AG type to be included in the low anti-HBs group, and high anti-HBs antibody production in those with the TNF-α (-857) CT type. These SNPs may produce ethnically-specific differences in the immune response to HB vaccine in the Japanese population. J. Med. Invest. 63: 256-261, August, 2016

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  • Toshihiko Sawada, Katsuhiko Inoue, Dairou Tanabe, Shunji Kawamoto, Tat ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 262-269
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Purposes; FK506 (strong immunosuppressive agent) was investigated experimentally whether to protect the hepatic IRI. Methods; Warm ischemic experiment using pigs and rats were performed and examined whether FK506 is effective. Results; The results obtained are as follows. 1. Warm ischemia allowed time of the pigs without FK506 was 150 minutes, but as for that of FK506 group, the extension of 30 minutes was got in 180 minutes. 2. Biliary excretion rate of BSP after reperfusion were better in the group of 180 minutes ischemia with FK506 than in without FK506 group. 3. Chemiluminescence intensity in the peripheral neutrophils and adhered and infiltrated leukocytes in the liver were suppressed markedly by FK506. 4. The vascular endothelium with the scanning electron microscope was relatively preserved in the FK506 group comparing to the placebo group on 30 minutes after reperfusion. 5. Stress gastric ulcer was controlled and myeloperoxidase activity in the gastric mucosa was suppressed by FK506. Conclusion; Based on the results of theses experiments, it was suggested that FK506 has a protective effect on IRI by suppressing: the impairment of sinusoidal endothelial cells; the activation of KCs; the disturbance of micro-circulation; oxidative stress; inflammation; and the accumulation of leukocytes. J. Med. Invest. 63: 262-269, August, 2016

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  • Yasuhiro Yuasa, Hiroshi Okitsu, Masakazu Goto, Yuta Matsuo, Hiroshi E ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 270-273
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    We devised a method for confirming the position of mesh placed during transabdominal preperitoneal repair (TAPP) of an inguinal hernia. The preperitoneum is sufficiently detached, and the mesh is fixed in place as usual. Before completely closing the peritoneum, pressure is applied from outside the body and inside the abdominal cavity to remove as much air as possible from the detached preperitoneum; the peritoneum is then sutured using a V-LocTM closure device so that it does not constrict. By releasing the pressure all at once, the airtightness of the preperitoneum is maintained, and the position of the mesh can be observed through the translucent peritoneum. This method, called Mesh-Airtight-Preperitoneum (MAPP), could become widely used as a simple technique for confirming mesh position in TAPP. J. Med. Invest. 63: 270-273, August, 2016

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  • Toshihiko Nishisho, Toshinori Sakai, Fumitake Tezuka, Kosaku Higashino ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 274-277
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Background Symptoms of primary bone and soft tissue tumors located in the trunk mimic those of degenerative spinal disorders such as low back pain or pain or numbness of the legs. Due to their rarity, especially in sarcoma located in the trunk, diagnosis is sometimes delayed. Methods A retrospective review was performed of the records of 383 patients with primary bone and soft tissue tumors who visit our out patient clinic from 2011 to 2013 at a single institution. Patients with delayed diagnosis of primary bone and soft tissue tumors initially treated as degenerative spinal disorders for more than 2 months were identified. Results Of the 383 patients, 5 (1.3%) were initially diagnosed as having degenerative spinal disorders. All 5 patients had bone or soft tissue tumors in the lumbar spine or pelvis. Three patients had a malignant tumor (osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, or small round cell sarcoma) at the progressive stage, and 1 died of lung metastasis. Two patients had a benign tumor (aneurysmal bone cyst or simple bone cyst). Conclusions Our findings suggest that when low back pain and leg pain are refractory to conservative treatment, further radiological examination should be conducted. J. Med. Invest. 63: 274-277, August, 2016

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  • Yutaro Yamashita, Hiroaki Nagae, Ryosuke Yamato, Hiromichi Sedo, Yoshi ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 278-280
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The skin covering a digital mucous cyst is often very thin and is often excised with the cyst. Thus, transfer of a skin flap is needed for the defect. We have developed a proximal nail fold flap technique by which the thin skin covering the cyst can be preserved. We conducted a retrospective study to assess the effectiveness and reliability of this technique for digital mucous cyst excision. The study group comprised 26 patients treated for 28 digital mucous cysts. The flap was elevated on the nail matrix to expose the distal interphalangeal joint capsule. To preserve the skin in cases in which the skin covering the cyst was exceptionally thin, we did not excise the upper part of the cyst wall. Excision of the cyst and stalk was successful in all cases. Additional excision of the joint capsule or osteophyte(s) was achieved in 20 cases and 5 cases, respectively. No flap necrosis, skin defect or nail deformity resulted. Three of the cysts recurred and were treated successfully by reoperation involving the same flap elevation technique. We conclude that the proximal nail fold flap is useful for excision and reliable for wound coverage after digital mucous cyst excision. J. Med. Invest. 63: 278-280, August, 2016

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  • Keisuke Kashiwagi, Yoshiro Abe, Soshi Ishida, Kazuhide Mineda, Yutaro ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 281-285
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Background: Breast reconstruction generally involves autologous tissue transplantation and placement of a mammary prosthesis. When the patient's breasts are extremely large and ptotic, breast reconstruction often results in significantly asymmetrical appearance. However, a good aesthetic outcome after reconstruction surgery following cancer resection is an important quality-of-life factor. We evaluated the efficacy of touch-up surgery, either reduction mammaplasty or mastopexy, performed on the contralateral breast for symmetrization. Methods: Reduction mammaplasty was performed on the contralateral breast in 2 patients and mastopexy was performed on the contralateral breast in 1 patient after reconstruction surgery following cancer resection, between 2008 and 2014. We reviewed each patient's medical record for general clinical information and for the methods of breast cancer resection and breast reconstruction used, wait time between breast cancer resection and touch-up surgery, preservation of the sensitivity of the nipple-areola complex after the touch-up surgery, and aesthetic outcome (based on visual analog scale score). Results: Wait times in the 3 cases were 4, 9, and 18 months. Nipple-areolar sensitivity was well preserved in all 3 cases. Aesthetic outcomes were judged “excellent” or “very good.” Conclusion: Revision surgery on the contralateral breast 4 to 18 months after breast reconstruction substantially improves the aesthetic outcome. J. Med. Invest. 63: 281-285, August, 2016

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  • Hirokazu Ogino, Masaki Hanibuchi, Soji Kakiuchi, Atsuro Saijo, Toshifu ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 286-293
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Background: Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) presents aggressive clinical behavior, and its prognosis is still poor. Previously, performance status (PS), or the existence of brain, bone, or liver metastasis were reported to be unfavorable prognostic factors. Given the recent progress of treatment modalities such as radiotherapy techniques and bone modifying agents, the prognostic factors might be different from previous findings. Therefore, we analyzed the prognostic factors of extensive disease SCLC (ED-SCLC) in recent years. Methods: ED-SCLC patients treated in Tokushima University Hospital between 2010 and 2016 were analyzed. Log-rank test and the Cox proportional hazards regression model was used in univariate and multivariate analysis, respectively. Results: Totally, 79 patients were analyzed. In the univariate analysis, age, PS, interstitial pneumonia (IP), liver metastasis, pleural dissemination, neutrophil counts, hypoalbuminemia, hypercalcemia and several liver and biliary enzymes were identified as poor prognostic factors. In the multivariate analysis, age, PS, IP, and liver and biliary enzymes were identified. Moreover, the PS in patients with liver metastasis was significantly worsened. Conclusions: In this study, we newly demonstrated that IP was a significant poor prognostic factor of ED-SCLC. Although liver metastasis was not extracted in multivariate analysis, it may have an impact on the prognosis of ED-SCLC. J. Med. Invest. 63: 286-293, August, 2016

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  • Yuko Toyoda, Masaki Hanibuchi, Jun Kishi, Hiroshi Kawano, Shun Morizum ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 294-299
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Acute exacerbation (AE) of interstitial lung disease is reported to be developed in not only idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis but also connective tissue disease-associated interstitial pneumonia (CTD-IP). As the significance of AE of CTD-IP has not been so widely recognized, its clinical feature is not fully elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the incidence, clinical features and outcome of AE of CTD-IP. We retrospectively reviewed admitted cases in our department with medical record from 2011 to 2015. Among 155 patients with CTD-IP, 10 (6.5%) cases developed AE (6 rheumatoid arthritis, 2 polymyositis/dermatomyositis, 1 systemic lupus erythematosus, 1 Sjögren syndrome), and one died of AE within 30 days. Median survival time after the onset of AE was 169 days in all 10 patients. The treatment with immunosuppressant just before AE onset might improve the prognosis of AE. The median survival time after the onset of AE was significantly longer in patients showing good response to corticosteroid compared with those with poor response to corticosteroid (805 days and 45 days, respectively) (p <0.05), suggesting that there are some cases in CTD-IP, showing the good response to corticosteroid even when AE was complicated. J. Med. Invest. 63: 294-299, August, 2016

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Case reports
  • Yoko Yamamoto, Toshiyuki Okazaki, Keishi Yoda, Yoshiteru Tada, Shinji ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 300-304
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Acute internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion may result in severe disability or death. Revascularization by carotid artery stenting after treatment with intravenous (iv) recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) has been documented. However, there are few reports on emergency carotid endarterectomy (CEA) within 24 hours after the iv administration of rt-PA. We treated a 58-year-old man with right ICA occlusion with iv rt-PA. Although partial recanalization of the ICA was obtained, severe stenosis at the origin of the ICA persisted and he developed fluctuating neurological deficits. To prevent progressive stroke he underwent CEA 10.5 hours after rt-PA treatment. Thereafter his blood pressure was strictly controlled under sedation. During and after CEA there were no hemorrhagic complications. Our findings suggest that emergency CEA may be an option to address symptomatic severe residual ICA stenosis even after iv rt-PA therapy delivered in the acute stage. J. Med. Invest. 63: 300-304, August, 2016

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  • Akiko Ishigami, Itsuo Tokunaga, Akiyoshi Nishimura, Shin-ichi Kubo
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 305-309
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    A female in her 30s was found dead after a fire. She was severely emaciated and had been diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) about 5 years ago, but had not been treated recently. Therefore, we investigated not only her cause of death but also her condition of AN. Some of her organs weighed less than normal although no clear lesions were observed. In the pituitary gland, the number of follicle-stimulating hormone-immunopositive cells was markedly decreased although a normal number of thyroid-stimulating hormone-positive cells were detected. A histological examination of the ovary suggested that she had been suffering from amenorrhea. The thyroid gland was atrophic, and marked variations in follicle size were observed. Because we could not obtain enough volume of her blood for endocrinological examinations, we tried to investigate her endocrinological condition by immunohistochemistry. Immunohistochemical staining detected decreased triiodothyronine immunoreactivity and normal thyroxine immunoreactivity. The adrenal glands were also atrophic. Based on these findings, it was considered that she had been suffering from AN at the time of her death. The autopsy and other findings revealed that she had died of burning with carbon monoxide intoxication. J. Med. Invest. 63: 305-309, August, 2016

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  • Kazuaki Mineta, Naoto Suzue, Tetsuya Matsuura, Koichi Sairyo
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 310-314
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Here, we report the efficacy of the suture bridge technique for treating insertional Achilles tendinosis in an obese and athletic patient. A 48-year-old man presented to our department with a 6-month history of left posterior heel pain. The patient was an athlete (triathlon) and appeared obese (height: 197 cm, body weight: 120 kg, body mass index: 30.9). A diagnosis of insertional Achilles tendinosis was made. Because 6 months of conservative treatments had failed, we performed open resection of the calcaneal exostosis and Haglund's deformity along with debridement of the degenerative tissue of the tendon. Wide detachment of the insertion of the Achilles tendon was necessary, and reattachment of the tendon was performed using the Arthrex SpeedBridgeTM system (Arthrex, Inc., Naples, FL). Six weeks postoperatively, this patient was allowed to walk with full weight bearing. Twelve weeks after surgery, this patient started jogging with neither pain nor evidence of Achilles tendon rupture. The suture bridge technique was effective for the reconstruction of the Achilles tendon in an obese and athletic patient. J. Med. Invest. 63: 310-314, August, 2016

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  • Hiroki Teraoku, Yusuke Arakawa, Masato Yoshikawa, Shinichiro Yamada, Y ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 315-318
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Absence of portal vein bifurcation is a rare anomaly. We report a patient with this anomaly who underwent right hemihepatectomy for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. Although the procedure was carefully performed with a preoperative three-dimensional simulation and intraoperative cholangiography, postoperative portal vein thrombosis occurred. J. Med. Invest. 63: 315-318, August, 2016

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  • Toshihiko Nishisho, Shoichiro Takao, Ryo Miyagi, Shunichi Toki, Akihir ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 319-322
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Subpubic cartilaginous cyst was recently reported as a rare degenerative mass on the pubic symphysis. We report here a 59-year-old woman who presented with a vulvar mass that showed complete spontaneous regression 48 months after the initial visit. Treatment was only wearing brace. This is the first report of complete spontaneous regression of a subpubic cartilaginous cyst. In the case of small subpubic cyst, observation and follow-up alone may be sufficient. J. Med. Invest. 63: 319-322, August, 2016

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Others (Technical note)
  • Mitsuhiro Kinoshita, Shoichiro Takao, Katsuya Takechi, Yoshitsugu Take ...
    2016 Volume 63 Issue 3.4 Pages 323-327
    Published: 2016
    Released: September 17, 2016
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the utility and safety of drainage catheter installation for psoas/iliopsoas muscle abscesses using a one-step technique under the guidance of real-time computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopy. MATERIALS and METHODS: Ten psoas or iliopsoas muscle abscesses in 7 patients that were treated with percutaneous drainage were included in this study. All drainage procedures were carried out using a one-step technique under real-time CT fluoroscopic guidance. RESULTS: The drainage catheter insertion was performed successfully with the one-step technique in all lesions. Improvements in the patients' symptoms and blood test results were seen after the drainage procedure in all cases. In addition, postoperative CT scans demonstrated that the abscesses had reduced in size or disappeared in all but one patient, who was transferred to another institution while the drainage catheter was still in place. No major complications were seen in any case. CONCLUSION: The one-step procedure is simple to perform. The percutaneous drainage of psoas or iliopsoas muscle abscesses with the one-step technique under real-time CT fluoroscopic guidance is accurate and safe. Moreover, compared with the two-step technique the one-step procedure results in a shorter drainage procedure and exposes the patient and operator to lower amounts of radiation. J. Med. Invest. 63: 323-327, August, 2016

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