The purpose of this paper is to reconstruct the educational framework of Judo curriculum used in school physical education classes by re-evaluating the current Judo curriculum model, motivated by the increasing urges for safety awareness in Judo classes due to frequent accidents which have occurred in recent years.
In order to define the curriculum content of Judo classes, I started by investigating the common body movements of various Judo techniques according to the general concepts of Movement Culture in Japanese academics, while also applying some of the improvements adopted by ball game curriculums for school P.E. classes. Then, I constructed the core concept, called ‘The Basic Principle of Ju’, which shares fundamental commonalities with the ancient Japanese martial arts, by focusing on behavioral principles which rule the movements or tactics of Jujutsu in Japanese martial arts. Lastly, I clarified the educational framework of Judo in relation to ‘The Basic Principle of Ju’ as well as to Jigoro Kano’s philosophies of Judo as the union of sports and education, as embodied by his ideas of seiryoku zenyo (lit. the most effective use of physical and spiritual strength) and jita kyoei (lit. co prosperity between yourself and others), which I reevaluated for this study.
As a result, I successfully defined an educational framework for Judo which aims for mastery of certain movements and behavioral patterns which reflect the virtue of jyu yoku go wo seisu (lit. softness overcomes hardness), and are based on ‘The Basic Principle of Ju’ derived from the ancient Japanese martial arts.