Medical Mycology Journal
Online ISSN : 2186-165X
Print ISSN : 2185-6486
ISSN-L : 2185-6486
Current issue
Displaying 1-2 of 2 articles from this issue
  • Hiroshi Kakeya
    2024 Volume 65 Issue 2 Pages 29-32
    Published: April 30, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2024
    Mucormycosis is a fungal infectious disease caused by Rhizopus oryzae and other members of the order Mucorales, and it is known as one of the most lethal fungal infections. Early diagnosis of mucormycosis improves prognosis because of limited effective treatments and the rapid progression of the disease. On the other hand, the lack of characteristic clinical findings in mucormycosis and the challenge of early definitive diagnosis make early treatment difficult. Our goal was to establish a serodiagnostic method to detect Rhizopus specific antigen (RSA), and we have developed a diagnostic kit by Enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA) using a monoclonal antibody against this antigen. RSA increased over time in the serum and alveolar lavage fluid of R. oryzae-infected mice. RSA was also detected in serum and alveolar fluid, even at an early stage (Day 1), when the tissue invasion of R. oryzae mycelium was not histopathologically detectable in the lungs of R. oryzae-infected mice. Further evaluation is needed to determine the feasibility of using this assay in clinical practice.
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  • Koichi Yamada, Hiroshi Kakeya
    2024 Volume 65 Issue 2 Pages 33-38
    Published: April 30, 2024
    Released on J-STAGE: May 31, 2024
    Antifungal stewardship (AFS), compared with antimicrobial stewardship (AS), requires more advanced knowledge, skills, and multidisciplinary collaboration in its implementation. Therefore, fewer facilities are performing AFS compared with AS. At our hospital, we started AS and AFS in 2014. Our AFS programs include the following: i) interventions for patients with yeast-positive blood cultures, ii) introduction of a conditional antifungal notification system, and iii) commencement of AS team rounds. AFS for filamentous fungi includes bronchoscopy and microbial identification, including genetic and drug susceptibility testing. These AFS activities have improved several processes and outcome measures. However, our AFS team has faced several problems owing to the impact of COVID-19. This review introduces the practice of AFS, which we initiated at our hospital in 2014, and presents the current problems.
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