The present study focuses on learners’ chunking ability when practicing chunk reading. We examine the factors that influence the acquisition of chunking ability and the way they impact it. The qualitative analysis showed that chunking ability improved. This improvement was brought by becoming aware of the necessity for chunking while reading as well as actively engaging in the chunk reading in class.
This paper proposes the use of reproduction, a basic translation training tool, as an instruction method for second language teaching. This method draws on findings from interpreting process research: constraints of working memory capacity and the role of non-linguistic (conceptual) representations during interpreting. The points of the method are summarized as segmentation, tagging, and working memory.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the current state of in-service training on elementary school foreign language education and the awareness of teachers and attempt to develop an in-school training program aimed for reducing teachers’ teaching anxiety. The findings of this research revealed that the experience-based training program exhibited some degree of effect on reducing teaching anxiety.