全文: "在日朝鮮人"
696件中 1-20の結果を表示しています
  • 小林 聡明
    2002年 61 巻 146-161
    発行日: 2002/07/31
    公開日: 2017/10/06
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of my paper is to analyze the development of Korean newspapers in Japan from 1945 to 1949. It focuses on the following two aspects. The first is the social context surrounding the birth, the second is the way in which these newspapers were affected and made change direction in such area as editorial policy of Korean newspapers in Japan, by a kind of "power". In this way, I clarify that Korean newspapers in Japan emerged in the all of the political groups integrated, and their editorial directions had been spreading diversely. However, the conflicts caused by the cold war and the changes in the publishing environment forced Korean newspapers to align with one or the other of the two Korean organizations. Thus, Korean newspapers in Japan lost their diversity and incorporated into the paradigm of binaries. The question now arises: What "power" compelled the Korean newspapers in Japan to split into two camps? A further direction of this study will be the analysis of the mechanism of power in the censorship system of GHQ/SCAP.
  • 金 貴粉
    2018年 2018 巻 F1
    発行日: 2018年
    公開日: 2018/05/22
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
  • 橋本 みゆき
    2017年 68 巻 1 号 163-164
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 竹ノ下 弘久
    2000年 51 巻 2 号 270-271
    発行日: 2000/09/30
    公開日: 2009/10/19
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 金 永子
    2007年 48 巻 1 号 216-219
    発行日: 2007/05/31
    公開日: 2018/07/20
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 福本 拓
    2004年 56 巻 2 号 154-169
    発行日: 2004/04/28
    公開日: 2009/04/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper analyzes the residential concentrations of Korean people in Osaka city and its changes from the end of the 1920s to the beginning of the 1950s. The statistical data and documents on Korean people in the city and their living conditions were obtained from the National Census, Police Survey and local administrative researches. Korean concentrations changed spatially and socially, and the economical and historical factors associated with these changes can be described as follows:
    (1) The formation of Korean concentrations during the 1920s.
    Since the beginning of the 1920s, a great number of Korean people migrated into Osaka city, and most of them were composed of single male workers. During this period, three concentrations were formed: (a) the southeastern ward, which was the biggest concentration of Korean workers who were employed in small factories; (b) the southwestern ward, where industrial, constructional, and odd-job workers were dominant, and (c) the ward south of the Yodo River, where most Koreans worked at medium-size glass and textile factories.
    (2) The expansion of the Korean concentrations during the 1930s to the end of World War II.
    During this period, the Korean population increased rapidly and was four times larger than it was at the end of the 1920s. Newly-arriving Korean people tended to settle into already-established Korean concentrations and surrounding areas. The actual Korean population distribution pattern and its occupational characteristics did not change. On the other hand, social differentiation within Korean communities became distinctive during this period. The most important development was that a few Korean entrepreneurs managed to establish their own businesses in the southeastern and southwestern concentrations.
    (3) The disappearance and remnants of the Korean concentrations in the US occupation period (1945-52).
    Shortly after World War II, many Korean people left Japan for their mother country. The number of Koreans in Osaka drastically and quickly decreased. Because most of the wards in central Osaka had been seriously damaged by the US forces' air attacks in WWII, the Koreans in those destroyed districts lost everything and had no reason to continue their residence in Japan. This situation resulted in the disappearance of the concentration on the south side of the Yodo River. On the other hand, the other Korean concentrations survived in the southwestern and southeastern areas due to less destruction from the air attacks. Fortunately, many Koreans in these areas did not lose their residences and workplaces. Moreover, Koreans who owned a property found it difficult to return to their home country because Korean repatriates were permitted to carry back only a limited amount of money and goods with them. In the remaining concentrations, most Koreans who owned their own business chose to stay in Osaka.
    Based on the above analyses, the following concluding remarks can be made: (a) Since the establishment of the Korean population concentrations in these three areas, local industrial activities were a major influential factor in determining the employment status of the Korean population; (b) During the US occupation period, residents whose homes were destroyed by the bombing in WWII tended to leave Osaka and their concentrations disappeared. The Korean people who were business-owners and who lived in the less-damaged areas remained in Osaka. Consequently, the southeastern and southwestern Korean concentrations still exist even until today.
  • 鄭 暎惠
    2014年 65 巻 2 号 298-299
    発行日: 2014年
    公開日: 2015/09/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 市原 博
    1999年 41 巻 2 号 64-65
    発行日: 1999/01/20
    公開日: 2017/12/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 李 洪章
    2010年 61 巻 2 号 168-185
    発行日: 2010/09/30
    公開日: 2012/03/01
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 原 仁司
    2009年 58 巻 10 号 86-
    発行日: 2009/10/10
    公開日: 2017/08/01
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 小山 千登世
    2009年 58 巻 10 号 86-
    発行日: 2009/10/10
    公開日: 2017/08/01
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 福本 拓
    2017年 2017a 巻 403
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2017/10/26
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
    エスニック集団にみられる自営業者層への集中は,しばしば明瞭な経済サブシステムとして機能するエスニック経済の最重要の特徴の一つと捉えられている。エスニックな自営業者は往々にして空間的集中を伴うゆえに,空間的な観点からの分析も数多く蓄積されてきた。自営業者の空間的偏在は,取引関係を通じたリンケージ形成に代表される経済地理的要因や,資金・労働力の由来となるエスニック・ネットワークの介在といった社会的要因によって生成すると捉えられる。加えて,既存研究では,資金・労働力や顧客の供給源として,集住地区の存在がエスニック経済に不可欠な役割を果たす点も指摘されてきた。 しかし,エスニック経済と集住地区との結び付きについて,それが変化する背景要因の検討は必ずしも進んでいない。例えば集住地区からの転出を促しうるエスニック集団の社会経済的地位の上昇や,経済リストラクチャリングに伴うエスニック経済の縮減が居住分布に与える影響など,こうした結び付きに変化をもたらしうる集団内外の要因が存在しうる。本研究では,職住近接を特徴とする在日朝鮮人のエスニック経済と集住地区との関係を事例に,両者の動態的な連関性の分析を試みたい。
    自営業者の業種別構成としては,製造業が過半数を占め,卸売・小売業(特に金属スクラップ),建設業の順で多い。経営者の本籍ごとに集計したところ,プラスチック製造や履物製造で済州島が,建設業で慶尚北・南道が,金属スクラップでは忠清南道・全羅南道の特化係数が高いという特徴がみられた。ここからは,一部業種において,地縁に基づいたリクルートが存在した可能性がうかがえる。 分布を集住地区との関係からみると,製造業,特にプラスチック製造(212中133, 62.7%)や履物製造(85中69, 81.2%)は集住地区内にその多くが立地するのに対し,建設業(174中12, 6.9%)や金属スクラップ(119中24, 20.2%)は分散立地の傾向にある(図参照)。集住地区で特徴的な職住近接傾向の背景として,同胞労働力への依存度合の高さのほか,フレキシブルな生産を可能にする事業所間リンケージの必要性が影響していると考えられる。
  • 金 守良, 梁 茂寛, 徐 昌教, 姜 京富, 生方 享司, 門奈 丈之
    1986年 1986 巻 72 号 7-12
    発行日: 1986/09/15
    公開日: 2012/12/11
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 小林 孝行
    1980年 24 巻 3 号 37-55,133
    発行日: 1980/03/31
    公開日: 2017/02/28
    ジャーナル フリー
     The Korean minority people have lived in Japan for almost a century.They were produced by the Japanese Imperialism. The Korean minority problem in Japan, therefore, is one of some aspects in the course of the development of Capitalism in modern Japan.
     We can generally think that this problem is broadly divided into two stages, the first stage is before the World War 2, and the second is after that. Recently, the population of the second and the third generation in the Korean minority people in Japan increased, and the crisis of the ethnic identity seems to arise among them.
     So, the Korean minority problem in Japan has not only the historical context, but also the contemporary significance. Nevertheless, it has not sufficiently been researched in social sciences yet.
     I consider this problem from the interrelationbetweentheKorean minority peple and the Japanese majority people in Japan. Here, I pick up and use three sociological perspectives, minority, marginal man and identity, and begin to research the Korean minority problem in Japan.
     By means of marginal man theory, I can see to examine some of the Japanese who have any relations with the Korean. Generally speaking, though no one of these perspectives cannot perfectly catch the totality of this problem, it is evident that each perspectives successfully illustractes certain characteristics of this problem today.
     That is my understanding in this preparatory study. So, it is said that this indicates variety of the Korean minority problem in Japan today.
  • 康 陽球
    2017年 81 巻 4 号 586-603
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/02/23
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 洪 ジョンウン
    2015年 14 巻 3-16
    発行日: 2015/06/25
    公開日: 2017/09/22
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 李 洪章
    2010年 6 巻 57-65
    発行日: 2010/09/12
    公開日: 2018/12/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    In this article 'I' as an involved party among the Korean residents in Japan or from the records of my struggle experienced as a researcher refer to how I have been seeking my positionality through the relationships with my clients who are born to a parent of a Korean resident in Japan and a Japanese, a so-called "double." As a Korean resident in Japan, 'I' have been thinking about all the strangeness I had felt, including the strangeness to the sense of "the person concerned" which the community of the Korean residents in Japan that I also belong to, premises in the strangeness of the clients' way of talking or the strangeness of the "research of the person concerned." Currently 'I' believe that only by talking, not on the basis of being as an involved person but of "the individual person concerned," I can build a dialogical relationships with my clients, and furthermore, only by continuing the attitude against that of just "writing papers" that may function to open the dialogical channel with the readers.
  • 平 直樹, 慎 栄根, 中村 俊哉, 川本 ひとみ
    1995年 37 巻
    発行日: 1995/08/31
    公開日: 2017/03/30
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
  • 金 正根
    1971年 37 巻 4 号 131-157
    発行日: 1971年
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
     日本に在住する朝鮮人の人口に関する資料は乏しい. 韓国を含めたアジアの多くの開発途上の国々が,その経済開発や社会開発の一環として人口増加率を緩和しようと努力している現在,在日朝鮮人の人口の動向と特にその出生力の変動は,これらの国々における特異な社会環境での人口問題として真の問題がどこにあり,その解決策はなんであるかを示す一つの手掛りを提供するものしとて期待される. このような観点から,在日朝鮮人の人口分析と評価は重大な意義をもつているものと考えられる. 本稿では,在日朝鮮人の人口に関する一連の研究の第一報として,その人口の動向を概説することにした. ここでの在日朝鮮人とは,韓国系の,いわゆる民団系のみならず北朝鮮系をも含めた全在日,朝鮮人人口をさすものである.
  • 小沢 有作
    1992年 59 巻 3 号 322-324
    発行日: 1992/09/30
    公開日: 2009/01/13
    ジャーナル フリー