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  • 西川 純
    日本科学教育学会年会論文集
    1996年 20 巻 B113
    発行日: 1996年
    公開日: 2018/05/16
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
  • 心理学的人間行動分析の一改善例
    生田 真人
    人文地理
    1979年 31 巻 6 号 539-550
    発行日: 1979/12/28
    公開日: 2009/04/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 地図
    1995年 33 巻 3 号 59-60
    発行日: 1995/09/30
    公開日: 2011/07/19
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 岡本 裕介
    ソシオロジ
    1992年 37 巻 2 号 77-92,178
    発行日: 1992/10/31
    公開日: 2017/02/15
    ジャーナル フリー
     G.H.Mead said that there are two aspects to the self: the "I" and the "me." Some sociologists and psychologists, ignoring Mead's behaviorism, make two erroneous assumptions. 1) The immediacy of the "I": The "I" is known immediately to the self. Or even if it cannot be known immediately, that is no problem, since one can anticipate one's own acts. 2) The exclusive otherness of the "me": The "me," which is the organized set of social attitudes, is derived from others, and is represented as "others" within oneself. The "I," on the other hand, has been there from the start, and has no such character.
     But these assumptions cannot be accepted from the viewpoint of the self-perception theory of Bern, which is based on the "radical behaviorism" of B.F.Skinner. It argues that one knows one's own internal states partially by inferring them from observations of one's own overt behavior and circumstances. Mead's theory of the "self" also makes such a point.
     The following propositions result from the introduction of self-perception theory.
     1 ) The absolute mediatedness of the "I": One's "I" cannot be known immediately, even by oneself. And even though one anticipates one's own acts, one cannot ascertain whether the anticipation is correct, because the perception of one's own internal states is radically dependent on external states such as one's circumstances.
     2) The shared otherness of the "I" and the "me": The "me," which is learned from others, is the means to perceive one's own "I." Not only is the "I" represented as one of others, because of its mediatedness, but it also comes from others. The otherness limited to the "me," but is shared by the "I" and the "me."
  • 合衆国の消費者行動分析を中心に
    生田 真人
    人文地理
    1981年 33 巻 5 号 425-443
    発行日: 1981/10/28
    公開日: 2009/04/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 伊藤 正春
    日本生態学会誌
    1961年 11 巻 5 号 202-208
    発行日: 1961/10/01
    公開日: 2017/04/08
    ジャーナル フリー
  • ~カタログショッピングにおけるコミュニケーションを手がかりに~
    坂下 玄哲, 木村 純子
    マーケティングジャーナル
    2011年 30 巻 3 号 19-34
    発行日: 2011/01/10
    公開日: 2021/03/04
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 坂下 玄哲
    マーケティングジャーナル
    2008年 28 巻 2 号 135-143
    発行日: 2008/09/30
    公開日: 2021/05/27
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 徐 中芃, 下村 彰男
    ランドスケープ研究
    2013年 76 巻 5 号 527-532
    発行日: 2013年
    公開日: 2014/05/08
    ジャーナル フリー
    In last few decades, one of the most widely studied theories in predicting landscape preference is the framework of coherence/complexity/legibility/mystery described by Kaplan and Kaplan. The aim of this study was to present a conceptual integration of these four factors and to investigate the efficiency of these four factors by literature survey. 44 experimental articles were collected from Journal of Environmental Psychology and Environment and Behavior in this study. Besides, 14 Japanese articles were collected from Journal of The Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture. The results show the framework’s integration in theory and application. In addition, coherence/complexity/mystery shows the efficiency in different settings but legibility remains uncertain. Moreover, the results of Japan literature show a connection between preference and natural setting, but evaluation factors have little systematic attention in the present study. Some suggestions for future studies were also discussed in this article.
  • 村石 昭三
    教育心理学研究
    1969年 4 巻 1 号 55-60,66
    発行日: 1969/10/15
    公開日: 2013/02/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    言語心理学は「言語が人間 (生物体) によって, どのようにコントロールされるか」を明らかにする学問である。一般言語学が言語を人間行動から切り離し, La Langneとして, その形態や構造を分析する傾向があつたのに対して, 言語心理学では人間の精神物理的行動としてのLe Parlerが対象である。言語を表現し, 理解する過程における法則性とコミュニケーションにおける言語の機能を明らかにする。
    言語心理学は言語学と心理学との接触する場面に生まれた。その性格上, 言語学者が言語学の一部門として, 心理学の理論を言語学の解釈に利用しようとする立場と, 心理学者が心理学の一部として, 言語学で確あられた事実を心理学の解釈に利用しようとする立場とがあった。過去の歴史において, 二つの立場はそれぞれ別々に離れて進んできた。
    しかし, 最近, アメリカのGarroll, J. B.や, Miller, G. A.またヴィーンのKainz, F.らが活動している現代の言語心理学では, かつてのWundtの民族心理学「言語」, あるいはばらばらな言語心理学的諸研究に対して,(1) ふたつの立場 (心理学的言語学と言語の心理学) の統一,(2) コミュニケーション理論や集団力学の観点からの研究の強調,(3) 科学としての研究方法論の確立, という主張に立っている。アメリカのSocial Scicnce Research Councilの成果ば注目すべきである。
  • 田島 淳, 柚原 直弘
    計測自動制御学会論文集
    2003年 39 巻 11 号 1061-1070
    発行日: 2003年
    公開日: 2009/03/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper proposes recognition systems of driver's intention on choosing steering-control modes, lateral control tasks, and on his/her driving mood, which would be essential part of an intelligent steering-assistance system. The steering-control mode recognition system determines which steering-control mode the driver selects, manual or automatic, by applying a sequential probability ratio test to the time-series of prediction errors in two AR Model of preprocessed steering torque signal. The control task recognition system consists of two recognition subsystems, one utilizes Hidden Markov Model Filter, and the other employs ARMAX Model and statistical testing. The driving mood recognition system calculates an index of relative change of aggressiveness of driving, defined as a weighted sum of moving averages of signals such as vehicle yaw rate, longitudinal acceleration, and driver's remnant. The weights on each factor of the index of relative change of aggressiveness are obtained by using the learning algorithm of Support Vector Machine. The results of simulation study using the data drawn from actual vehicles show that the systems would achieve high recognition capability. Furthermore, the proposed systems show a robustness to the vehicle speed change and variation of control characteristics among drivers.
  • 生田 真人
    消費者行動研究
    1996年 3 巻 2 号 1-16
    発行日: 1996/03/20
    公開日: 2009/05/29
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 檀 一平太, 新岡 陽光, 岡本 和真, 森 一憲, 久徳 康史
    感性工学
    2022年 20 巻 1 号 14-23
    発行日: 2022/03/31
    公開日: 2022/03/31
    研究報告書・技術報告書 フリー
  • 矢冨 直美, 渡辺 直登
    経営行動科学
    1995年 10 巻 1 号 23-34
    発行日: 1995/07/30
    公開日: 2011/01/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    Many studies on organizational stress have been accumulated in last two decades. This field of study, however, is now facing serious problems with respect to its model development and methodology of stress measurement. The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility of application of IRT analysis to an organizational stress research for overcoming the problems. The data on PSRS (Psychological Stress Response Scale) obtained from 1, 410 employees working for a computer manufacturing company were analyzed by IRT. The results suggested;(1) Seven out of 53 PSRS items does not maintain appropriateitem characteristics, and (2) PSRS is useful for measuring the persons whose latent trait (stress response) are relatively high. It was also discussed that procedures of IRT analysis could be utilized not only to item analysis but also to model development of study on organizational stress.
  • 若林 芳樹
    地理科学
    1982年 37 巻 2 号 103-118
    発行日: 1982年
    公開日: 2017/04/20
    ジャーナル フリー
    Consumers' spatial behavior has recently been progressively investigated from the behavioral viewpoint in the Western countries. One of the features of these studies is that they are mainly focused upon the psychological process, comprising mental maps, of consumers. Paying attention to this trend, the author examined the relationships between consumers' cognition and overt behavior through com-paring the consumers' cognition patterns with shopping patterns of supermarkets in Saga City. The data used in this study were collected through the questionnaires concerning the cognition and shopping of 30 supermarkets within the city by 395 housewives. "The Hayashi's Quantification Teory-II" is applied for extracting dimensions which classify the cognition patterns and shopping patterns, then cluster analysis and probability concentration ellipse are applied for classifying super-markets and consumers respectively. The results obtained are as follows: (1) The simple ratio analysis proves that the stores of smaller size are locally cognized and patronized by consumers in the districts where they are located or neighbored, while the stores of larger size in C. B. D. are commonly cognized and patronized by consumers in every districts (Fig. 3). (2) The following similarities and differences between cognition patterns and shopping patterns are found as a result of classification of supermarkets by means of the Quantification Theory-III and cluster analysis. (Similarities) i) The configuration of supermarkets both in "mental space" and "behavioral space" reflects that of geographic space (Tab. 4(a)). ii) The groups of supermarkets obtained through cluster analysis generally consist of supermarkets closely located each other in geographic space (Fig. 4(b)). (Differences) i) The configuration of supermarkets In "behavioral space" is more closely related to their configuration in geographic space than in "mental space" (Tab. 4). ii) The groups of supermarkets in "behavioral space" are generally formed along the main roads within the city (Fig. 2; Fig. 5(b)).
  • 土田 昭司
    社会心理学研究
    1992年 7 巻 3 号 147-162
    発行日: 1992/03/31
    公開日: 2016/11/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    The concept of attitudes has been used and investigated to predict human behaviors for about a century. Review of researches on the definition of attitudes shows that attitudes have been regarded as "evaluation toward objects" at least in the empirical researches on attitudes. There are many empirical researches on formation and changing of evaluation toward objects which is assumed to be a predictor of human behaviors. In this article, they are reviewed and divided into three categories, which are researches based on the reinforcement theory, researches based on the cognitive theory, and researches with mathematical models. Finally, it is proposed that studies of human information processing are applicable to attitude studies, and many cognitive elements have to be used to clarify attitude structure and to predict human behaviors.
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