2020 年 39 巻 2 号 p. 33-38
The gut microbiota has a great impact on the host immune systems. Recent evidence suggests that the maternal gut microbiota affects the immune systems of offspring. Metabolites produced by the gut microbiota play crucial roles in the immune system. Previous studies have also revealed that metabolites such as short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ligands are involved in host health and diseases. Great progress has been made in understanding the roles of diet-derived SCFAs in the offspring’s immune system. The findings to date raise the possibility that maternal dietary soluble fiber intake may play a role in the development of the offspring’s systemic immune response. In this review, we summarize the present knowledge and discuss future therapeutic possibilities for using dietary soluble fiber intake against inflammatory diseases.