Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
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The Impact of Total Bilirubin on Plasma Micafungin Levels in Living-Donor Liver Transplantation Recipients with Severe Liver Dysfunction
Yuichi MurakiTakuya IwamotoYoshiyuki KagawaHiroyuki SakuraiMasanobu UsuiShuji IsajiShinji UemotoMasahiro Okuda
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2009 Volume 32 Issue 4 Pages 750-754

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to propose a clinically effective and safe micafungin (MCFG) treatment for 20 recipients of living-donor liver transplantations (LDLTs), after considering the influence of liver function on its plasma pharmacokinetics. In all patients, an improvement of clinical symptoms was observed after MCFG treatment. Liver and renal functions were not significantly changed by the administration of MCFG. In the recipients, the trough plasma concentration of MCFG was 5.2±2.6μg/ml (mean±S.D.), which was dependent on the dose (p=0.0033). Additionally, there was a good correlation between the trough and peak MCFG plasma concentrations (p<0.0001). The trough concentration of MCFG was significantly correlated with serum total bilirubin levels (p=0.0166). In addition, the MCFG concentration/dose (C/D) ratio was significantly higher in the patients with total bilirubin levels >5 mg/dl than in those with total bilirubin levels ≤5 mg/dl (p<0.0001). The C/D ratio of MCFG was weakly but not significantly correlated with total bilirubin levels at total bilirubin levels >5 mg/dl (p=0.0508). Therefore, a reduced dose of MCFG should be considered when total bilirubin levels are >5 mg/dl. Furthermore, careful monitoring of total bilirubin levels is recommended during MCFG treatment in LDLT-recipients with severe liver dysfunction. These results provide helpful advice about MCFG administration for the treatment of fungal infections in LDLT patients with fluctuating liver function.

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© 2009 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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