2011 年 34 巻 7 号 p. 1001-1004
Worldwide, lung cancer is the most common form of cancer and often has a poor prognosis. Establishment of effective therapies for lung cancer is a major concern in clinical cancer research. We compared the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapeutic agents including cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, vinorelbine and cladribine, on a human lung cancer cell line, A549, and its derivative transfected with the DNase γ gene. We observed selective cytotoxicity of cladribine on the DNase γ-expressing sub-cell line of A549. Cladribine induces selective apoptosis in DNase γ-expressing A549 cells, which depends on activation of caspases. These results suggest that a combination therapy that includes cladribine along with the introduction of DNase γ has potential as a new therapeutic strategy for lung cancer.