2011 年 34 巻 7 号 p. 1072-1077
Senescence of endothelial cells has been proposed to play an important role in endothelial dysfunction and atherogenesis. In the present study we aimed to investigate whether ginsenoside Rb1, a major constituent of ginseng, protects endothelial cells from H2O2-induced endothelial senescence. While H2O2 induced premature senescent-like phenotype of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), as judged by increased senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) activity, enlarged, flattened cell morphology and sustained growth arrest, our results demonstrated that Rb1 protected endothelial cells from oxidative stress induced senescence. Mechanistically, we found that Rb1 could markedly increase intracellular superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD/SOD1) activity and decrease the malondialdehyde (MDA) level in H2O2-treated HUVECs, and suppress the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Consistent with these findings, Rb1 could effectively restore the protein expression of Cu/Zn SOD, which was down-regulated in H2O2 treated cells. Taken together, our data demonstrate that Rb1 exhibits antioxidant effects and antagonizes H2O2-induced cellular senescence.