2022 Volume 45 Issue 8 Pages 1061-1068
Macrophages are a key in innate immune responses and play vital roles in homeostasis and inflammatory diseases. Phosphatidylserine-specific phospholipase A1 (PS-PLA1) is a specific phospholipase which hydrolyzes fatty acid from the sn-1 position of phosphatidylserine (PS) to produce lysophosphatidylserine (lysoPS). Both PS and lysoPS are associated with activation of immune cells including macrophages. However, the effect of PS-PLA1 on macrophage inflammation remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of PS-PLA1 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophage inflammation. Alterations of PS-PLA1 expression in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages were investigated via Western blot. PS-PLA1 stable knockdown and overexpression RAW264.7 cell lines were generated by infecting cells with appropriate lentiviral vectors, respectively. PS-PLA1 expression was found to be dramatically upregulated in RAW264.7 macrophages after LPS stimulation. PS-PLA1 knockdown promotes while PS-PLA1 overexpression ameliorates the release of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β and nitric oxide from RAW264.7 cells and M1 macrophage polarization. Additionally, PS-PLA1 knockdown facilitates phosphorylation of p38, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), while PS-PLA1 overexpression attenuates their phosphorylation. Moreover, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors block the release of TNF-α and IL-1β in PS-PLA1 knockdown RAW264.7 cells after LPS stimulation. These findings suggest PS-PLA1 ameliorates LPS-induced macrophage inflammation by inhibiting MAPKs activation, and PS-PLA1 might be considered as a target for modulating macrophage inflammation.