Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5215
Print ISSN : 0918-6158
ISSN-L : 0918-6158
Regular Article
Altered Expression of Astrocytic ATP Channels and Ectonucleotidases in the Cerebral Cortex and Hippocampus of Chronic Social Defeat Stress-Susceptible BALB/c Mice
Yuka NishiokaKana HayashiKatsuya MoritoKentaro TakayamaKazuki Nagasawa
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2024 Volume 47 Issue 6 Pages 1172-1178


The increasing number of patients with depressive disorder is a serious socioeconomic problem worldwide. Although several therapeutic agents have been developed and used clinically, their effectiveness is insufficient and thus discovery of novel therapeutic targets is desired. Here, focusing on dysregulation of neuronal purinergic signaling in depressive-like behavior, we examined the expression profiles of ATP channels and ectonucleotidases in astrocytes of cerebral cortex and hippocampus of chronic social defeat stress (CSDS)-susceptible BALB/c mice. Mice were exposed to 10-d CSDS, and their astrocytes were obtained using a commercially available kit based on magnetic activated cell sorting technology. In astrocytes derived from cerebral cortex of CSDS-susceptible mice, the expression levels of mRNAs for connexin 43, P2X7 receptors and maxi anion channels were increased, those for connexin 43 and P2X7 receptors being inversely correlated with mouse sociability, and the expression of mRNAs for ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrase 2 and ecto-5′nucleotidase was decreased and increased, respectively. On the other hand, the alteration profiles of ATP channels and ectonucleotidases in hippocampal astrocytes of CSDS-susceptible mice were different from in the case of cortical astrocytes, and there was no significant correlation between expression levels of their mRNAs and mouse sociability. These findings imply that increased expression of ATP channels in cerebral cortex might be involved in the development of reduced sociability in CSDS-subjected BALB/c mice. Together with recent findings, it is suggested that ATP channels expressed by cortical astrocytes might be potential therapeutic targets for depressive disorder.

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