Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Clinical Investigation
Predominance of Small Dense Low-Density Lipoproteins and Abnormal Glucose Regulation in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome
Yoshihisa BanShinji KobaFumiyoshi TsunodaYuuya YokotaHitoshi EzumiTakeshi KondoHiroshi SuzukiTakashi Katagiri
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2006 Volume 70 Issue 4 Pages 393-401

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Abstract

Background Although small dense low-density lipoprotein (sd-LDL) has an established association with diabetic dyslipidemia, previous studies have failed to show an association between sd-LDL and diabetes among coronary heart disease patients. This study investigated the prevalence of sd-LDL and abnormal glucose regulation in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods and Results LDL size at the onset of ACS was measured by nondenatured gradient gel electrophoresis in 314 of 429 consecutive patients. Sd-LDL was prevalent in 54% of the patients, irrespective of the presence of previously known diabetes (50% vs 60% in nondiabetes and diabetes, respectively). Diabetes was present in 122 (28%) of the patients, and 110 patients without diabetes underwent an oral glucose tolerance test. Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and newly detected diabetes were found in as many as 44% and 22% of the patients tested, even though their hemoglobinA1c levels were in the normal range (5.3±0.5%). The prevalence of sd-LDL was significantly higher in patients with glucose intolerance than in those with normal glucose tolerance (61% vs 42%). Conclusion IGT and diabetes were far more common than normal glucose regulation in ACS patients, and the abnormal glycometabolism was closely associated with highly atherogenic sd-LDL. (Circ J 2006; 70: 393 - 401)

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© 2006 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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