Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Clinical Investigation
Use of Bepridil in Combination With Ic Antiarrhythmic Agent in Converting Persistent Atrial Fibrillation to Sinus Rhythm
Shinobu ImaiFumio SaitoHidehito TakaseMitsunobu EnomotoHiroshi AoyamaSatoshi YamajiKatsuaki YokoyamaHiroshi YagiToshio KushiroAtsushi Hirayama
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2008 年 72 巻 5 号 p. 709-715

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Background It has been reported that bepridil is as good as amiodarone in converting persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) to sinus rhythm (SR). The conversion effect of bepridil alone is not always satisfactory, however. The efficacy of pharmacological cardioversion by the combination of bepridil and a class Ic antiarrhythmic drug for persistent AF is studied. Methods and Results The participants comprised 37 consecutive patients in whom pharmacological cardioversion was conducted to treat persistent AF (duration 22.5±29.6 months). Each patient first received a class Ia or Ic antiarrhythmic drug, then bepridil alone, then a combined therapy of bepridil at 200 mg/day with a class Ic antiarrhythmic drug at a routine dose. Unaccompanied use of any of the antiarrhythmic drugs achieved pharmacological cardioversion in 14 (38%) of the 37 patients (single therapy group), whereas SR was restored by combination of bepridil and a class Ic antiarrhythmic drug in 22 (combined therapy group) of the remaining 23 patients. The duration of AF was significantly longer in the combined therapy group than in the single therapy group (28.3±31.0 vs 7.3±4.1 months). Conclusion Combined therapy of bepridil and a class Ic antiarrhythmic drug is efficient for pharmacological cardioversion of refractory long-lasting persistent AF. (Circ J 2008; 72: 709 - 715)

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© 2008 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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