2018 年 82 巻 12 号 p. 3044-3051
Background: A fractional flow reserve (FFR) between 0.75 and 0.80 constitutes a “gray zone” for clinical decision-making in coronary artery disease. We compared long-term outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents vs. medical therapy for coronary stenosis with gray zone FFR.
Methods and Results: We retrospectively investigated the clinical outcomes of 263 patients with gray zone FFR: 78 patients in the PCI group and 185 patients in the medical therapy group. During a median follow-up of 3.7 years, the frequency of target vessel failure (TVF, defined as a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction [MI], or ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization [TVR]) was significantly lower in the PCI group compared with the medical therapy group (6% vs. 19%, hazard ratio [HR]:0.33, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.13–0.84, P=0.008). The frequency of a composite of cardiac death or MI was not different between the 2 groups (1% vs. 2%, HR: 0.61, 95% CI: 0.07–5.49, P=0.645). The frequency of ischemia-driven TVR was significantly lower in the PCI group compared with the medical therapy group (5% vs. 18%, HR: 0.28, 95% CI: 0.10–0.79, P=0.005).
Conclusions: In patients with gray zone FFR, compared with medical therapy, PCI decreased the frequency of TVF, which was mainly driven by a reduction in the frequency of angina or myocardial ischemia without any difference in the frequency of cardiac death or MI.