2021 Volume 69 Issue 6 Pages 529-536
Emerging evidence highlights the importance of microRNAs (miRNAs) as functional regulators in cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to investigate the functional significance of miR-135a in the regulation of cardiac injury after isoprenaline (ISO) stimulation and the underlying mechanisms of its effects. Murine models with cardiac-specific overexpression of miR-135a were constructed with an adeno-associated virus expression system. The cardiac injury model was induced by ISO injection (60 mg/kg per day for 14 d). In vitro, we used H9c2 cells to establish a cell injury model by ISO stimulation (10 µM). The results indicated that miR-135a was increased during days 0–6 of ISO injection and was then downregulated during days 8–14 of ISO injection. The expression of miR-135a was consistent with the in vivo findings. Moreover, mice with cardiac overexpression of miR-135a exhibited reduced cardiac fibrosis, lactate dehydrogenase levels, Troponin I, inflammatory response and apoptosis. Overexpression of miR-135a also ameliorated cardiac dysfunction induced by ISO. MiR-135 overexpression in H9c2 cells increased cell viability and decreased cell apoptosis and inflammation in response to ISO. Conversely, miR-135 silencing in H9c2 cells decreased cell viability and increased cell apoptosis and inflammation in response to ISO. Mechanistically, we found that miR-135a negatively regulated toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), which was confirmed by luciferase assay. Furthermore, the TLR4 inhibitor eritoran abolished the adverse effect of miR-135 silencing. Overall, miR-135a promotes ISO-induced cardiac injury by inhibiting the TLR4 pathway. MiR-135a may be a therapeutic agent for cardiac injury.