2021 Volume 40 Issue 6 Pages 1320-1328
There is limited research on the influence of different sintering temperatures on the properties of highly translucent zirconia ceramics. This study demonstrated the influence of different sintering temperatures on the translucency, crystallographic structure, biaxial flexural strength, microstructure, and low-temperature degradation (LTD) of three highly translucent zirconia grades, i.e., 3 mol% yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (3Y-TZP), 4 mol% yttria-partially-stabilized zirconia (4Y-PSZ), and 5 mol% yttria-PSZ (5Y-PSZ). The specimens were characterized using colorimetry, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Weibull analysis, and LTD tests (134°C; 20 h). The increase in the sintering temperature did not affect the translucency of 3Y-TZP, whereas it increased the translucencies of 4Y-PSZ and 5Y-PSZ. All the zirconia grades exhibited grain enlargement and unchanged biaxial flexural strengths with the increase in the sintering temperature. The degradation of 3Y-TZP and 4Y-PSZ at a sintering temperature of 1,600°C was faster than that at other sintering temperatures.