Electrochemistry
Online ISSN : 2186-2451
Print ISSN : 1344-3542
ISSN-L : 1344-3542
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Regeneration of Fully-discharged Graphite-Fluoride Lithium Primary Battery as Electrochemical Capacitor
Izuru SHIMABUKUROTsuyoshi KAWASHIMAYasuyoshi SHIRAISHINoriaki KATAGIRIYoshikiyo HATAKEYAMASoshi SHIRAISHI
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ジャーナル オープンアクセス
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2021 年 89 巻 2 号 p. 87-93

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This paper reports that the fully-discharged graphite-fluoride Li primary battery (GF/Li battery) can be regenerated as a hybrid capacitor with a higher energy density than the electric double layer capacitor (EDLC) using an activated carbon electrode. The graphite-fluoride (GF) positive electrode of the GF/Li battery is electrochemically defluorinated during the fully-discharged process to be converted to a nanocomposite consisting of carbon and LiF particles. The nanocomposite as the discharge product behaves as a capacitor-like electrode, so the fully-discharged GF/Li battery can be stably charged/discharged as a hybrid capacitor with the capacitor-type electrode (defluorinated GF electrode) and the battery-type negative electrode (Li metal). This hybrid capacitor, i.e., “graphite-fluoride Li capacitor (GF/Li capacitor)”, exhibited the maximum volumetric energy density of 52 Wh L−1 (at the power density of 71 W L−1), which is higher than that of the EDLC and comparable to that of the Li-ion capacitor. In this paper, the improvement of the cyclability by using the graphite/Li bilayer negative electrode and the charge-discharge mechanism are also discussed for the GF/Li capacitor.

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© The Author(s) 2020. Published by ECSJ.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 License (CC BY-NC-SA, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), which permits non-commercial reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium by share-alike, provided the original work is properly cited. For permission for commercial reuse, please email to the corresponding author. [DOI: 10.5796/electrochemistry.20-65131].
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