Electrochemistry
Online ISSN : 2186-2451
Print ISSN : 1344-3542
ISSN-L : 1344-3542
Articles
Improvement of Electrochemical Property of VS4 Electrode Material by Amorphization via Mechanical Milling Process
Kazuto KOGANEIAtsushi SAKUDATomonari TAKEUCHIHisao KIUCHIHikari SAKAEBE
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ジャーナル オープンアクセス

2021 年 89 巻 3 号 p. 239-243

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Amorphous VS4 (a-VS4) electrode material was synthesized by mechanical milling of crystalline VS4 (c-VS4). The columbic efficiency of the a-VS4 cell was significantly improved (ca. 86 %) at the first cycle as compared with the c-VS4 cell (ca. 77 %), resulting in the improved capacity retention for prolonged cycling. Pair distribution function (PDF) analysis obtained from X-ray total scattering data, revealed that the radial atomic distribution of a-VS4 at initial stage was similar to that of the low-crystalline VS4 appeared after the first cycle of c-VS4. This is suggestive that the amorphization via mechanical milling process gave rise to the preparation of “first cycled VS4” which would contribute to the improved columbic efficiency at the first cycle and the resulting improved capacity retention for prolonged cycling. The structure of a-VS4 could be visualized by first-principles molecular dynamic calculation of “first-cycled VS4”.

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© The Author(s) 2021. Published by ECSJ.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse of the work in any medium provided the original work is properly cited. [DOI: 10.5796/electrochemistry.21-00015].
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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