Endocrine Journal
Online ISSN : 1348-4540
Print ISSN : 0918-8959
ISSN-L : 0918-8959
Molecular Basis of Endocrine Regulation by Orphan Nuclear Receptor Small Heterodimer Partner
Dipanjan CHANDAJeong-Hoh PARKHueng-Sik CHOI
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JOURNAL FREE ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: K07E-103

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Abstract

Nuclear receptors (NRs) are a unique superfamily of transcription factors (TFs) which are involved in and play a crucial role in almost all aspects of mammalian physiology. Small Heterodimer Partner (SHP; NR0B2), an exceptional member of this superfamily of NRs, have been identified as a key regulatory factor of the transcription of a variety of genes involved in diverse metabolic pathways, and are thereby an important factor in a variety of physiological functions. Since its discovery a decade ago, considerable progress has been made in the elucidation of the underlying mechanism by which SHP regulates various metabolic processes, and the results of previous studies support its importance in the maintenance of metabolic homeostasis. In this review, we have evaluated the current state of understanding of the molecular mechanisms and the resultant physiological interpretations governed by SHP.

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