選挙研究
Online ISSN : 1884-0353
Print ISSN : 0912-3512
ISSN-L : 0912-3512
フランス一九九三年総選挙
政界再編の足音
土倉 莞爾
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ジャーナル フリー

1994 年 9 巻 p. 79-92,141

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The French General Election of March 1993 replaced the Socialists-led minority by a large majority of the Center-Right coalition in the National Assembly and opened a new period of Cohabitation.
An analysis of the results shows plainly the victory of the Center-Right coalition owed much more to the collapse of electoral support for the Socialists Party and the distorive nature of the electoral system than any massive increase in the popularity of the Center-Right coalition.
The election of march 1993 also saw the realinement in French Politics. There are four noticed tendencies.
(1) The voting patterns are less certain than are. The voter's attachment to their patterns are less definitely.
(2) The simple model of a bipolar quadrille in French party systems no longer works since the explosion of the Front National and the Ecologists.
(3) The Left is at a historic low. The Lefts' electors have moved to abstention, the Ecologists, the Right and to the FN.
(4) It is clear that the era of the Mitterrand is the end. Mitterrand's strategy has failed particurally at the Regional Election of March 1992 and at the Referendum of September 1992.

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