2013 年 40 巻 4 号 p. 457-463
Objectives Healthy lifestyle often prevents high blood pressure. To date three kinds of simple healthy lifestyle mottoes for everyone, proposed by Breslow' seven items, Morimoto's eight items, and Ikeda's six items have been reported. There was no report between the incidence of high blood pressure and practicing these health habits. The object of the present study is to determine which of the three classifications is most closely associated with the prevention of high blood pressure.
Design The cumulative 9-year incidence high blood pressure was calculated and compared among groups using the log-rank test adjusted for age in the present open retrospective cohort study.
Setting and Paticpants 5,884 subjects underwent medical checkup responded to a self-administered questionnaire of the above healthy lifestyle habits were divided into poor, moderate, and favorable lifestyle groups.
Main outcome measure The high blood pressure was defined as systolic blood pressure ≥130 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure ≥85 mmHg, or treatment with anti-hypertensive agents during follow-up.
Results For Breslow's habits, the incidence of high blood pressure was higher in the favorable group than in the poor and moderate groups for males. In Morimoto's habits, there were no significant differences of the incidence among three groups. For Ikeda's habits, the incidence of high blood pressure in the poor group was significantly higher than in the favorable and moderate groups for males, although the habits were not predictive for females.
Conclusions We propose Ikeda's healthy habits for decreasing the risk of high blood pressure.