Journal of Health Science
Online ISSN : 1347-5207
Print ISSN : 1344-9702
ISSN-L : 1344-9702
Synthesis and Cyclic Voltammetry Studies of 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) Human Metabolites
Carla MacedoPaula Sério BrancoLuísa Maria FerreiraAna Maria LoboJoão Paulo CapelaEduarda FernandesMaria de Lourdes BastosFelix Carvalho
ジャーナル フリー

2007 年 53 巻 1 号 p. 31-42


3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or “Ecstasy”) is a widely abused, psychoactive recreational drug. There are growing evidences that the MDMA neurotoxic profile may be highly dependent on its hepatic metabolism. MDMA metabolism leads to the production of highly reactive derivates, namely catechols, catechol thioethers, and quinones. In this study the electrochemical oxidation-reduction processes of MDMA human metabolites, obtained by chemical synthesis, were evaluated by cyclic voltammetry based on an electrochemical cell with a glassy carbon working electrode. The toxicity of α-methyldopamine (α-MeDA), N-methyl-α-methyldopamine (N-Me-α-MeDA) and 5-(glutathion-S-yl)-α-methyldopamine [5-(GSH)-α-MeDA] to rat cortical neurons was then correlated with their redox potential. The obtained data demonstrated that the lower oxidation potential observed for the catecholic thioether of α-MeDA correlated with the higher toxicity of this adduct. This accounts for the use of voltammetry data in predicting the toxicity of MDMA metabolites.

© 2007 by The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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