2019 年 90 巻 1 号 p. 53-62
The purpose of this study was to develop and test the validity of an item set of simile interpretations for metaphor research. We conducted three tasks. In an interpretation generation task, 50 university students generated up to three interpretations for each of 120 simile expressions collected by Nakamoto and Kusumi (2004). In a conventionality rating task, 24 university students rated the conventionality of vehicles based on the most typical interpretation collected in the interpretation generation task. In a metaphor preference rating task, 24 university students rated their metaphor form preference. Our results showed significant positive correlations between topic-vehicle similarity ratings collected in a previous study and the number of interpretations. In addition, linear regression analysis of the metaphor preference rating showed significant positive effects of vehicle conventionality, topic-vehicle similarity, and entropy. These results solidly replicated the results reported in previous studies and confirmed the validity of an item set of simile interpretations. The usefulness of simile interpretations collected in this study for future metaphor studies is discussed.