日本アスレティックトレーニング学会誌
Online ISSN : 2433-572X
Print ISSN : 2432-6623
特集
柔道における肩・肘の傷害と予防方策の提案
越田 専太郎
著者情報
キーワード: 柔道, 上肢, 傷害予防
ジャーナル フリー

2019 年 4 巻 2 号 p. 121-126

詳細
抄録

Judo has been recognized as a high-risk sport for shoulder and elbow injuries. However, there is a lack of scientific evidence regarding their prevention strategies. Also, to the author’s knowledge, there is no intervention study aiming for the prevention of shoulder and elbow injury for judo athletes. Therefore, this overview paper provides current information regarding the epidemiology, common pathology, and injury situation/mechanisms of judo-related shoulder and elbow injuries. In addition, based on previous epidemiological data, the author suggests a possible prevention strategy for the injuries, and the future direction of judo injury prevention research.

In judo, glenohumeral (GH) joint injuries (including the GH anterior dislocation), acromioclavicular joint separation, and fracture of the clavicle are the most common acute types of shoulder injuries, whereas elbow posterior dislocation and ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injury are the most common acute types of elbow injuries. Chronic-overuse elbow injuries are also common in judo athletes, especially occurring on the turite side (the side on which the sleeve is grabbed).

It has been reported that judo-related shoulder and elbow injuries frequently occur when falling on an outstretched arm (i.e. FOOSH mechanism) or a shoulder directly. Furthermore, arm lock techniques are the frequent cause of acute UCL injuries. Seoi-nage techniques may be associated with the occurrence of both acute and chronic types of shoulder injuries as well as chronic elbow injuries in judo athletes.

Recognizing the high-risk situation and improving the breakfall (i.e. ukemi) may play an important role in preventing judo-related shoulder and elbow injuries from occurring. Likewise, young judo athletes who overuse seoi-nage techniques need to be identified, due to the greater risk of elbow injury associated with these actions.

著者関連情報
© 2019 一般社団法人 日本アスレティックトレーニング学会
前の記事 次の記事
feedback
Top