2020 年 32 巻 1 号 p. 1-15
The purpose of the study is to examine how high school students living in rural towns develop their identity horizon on academic and vocational career choices, with social factors such as living areas, parents, and peers that could psychosocially be affected. 1,286 students (649 males, 541 females, and 96 other) from academic/non-academic high schools participated in the survey in one urban city and two rural towns. The results revealed that the identity horizon psychosocially influenced studentsʻ psychological development. In particular, their educational horizons strongly influenced their learning atitudes and competencies. Furthermore, even when academic/non-academic schoolʼs social factor had a strong impact, it was found that identity horizons could develop students psychologically. Finally, the study discussed sociological stuides that have long investigated young peopleʼs move from rural towns to urban cities. The present study suggests that, from the psychological perspective, identity horizons or career choices are important for student learning and psychological development.