2019 Volume 36 Pages 88-113
Researches relating dust collector using fiber as particle collection body i.e., air filter, cartridge filter and nonwoven bag filter, were reviewed. Their filtration process was classified into 3 stages, i.e., Stage 1. inner filtration I, Stage 2. inner filtration II and Stage 3. surface filtration. Collection mechanisms of fresh circular fiber have been well understood and so-called classic filtration theory is applicable except single nano-particle, where discussion about the possibility of thermal rebound is necessary. In Stage 1, effects of shape of both fiber and particle, and filter structure, non-uniformity are the important issues. In Stages 2 and 3, filtration process becomes very complicated because of many affecting parameters. Main target in Stage 2 is to develop effective scheme to describe the phenomena and to find filter structure having a large holding capacity. Most important issue in Stage 3 is to develop the effective cleaning technique to minimize the dust emission based on rational but not empirical scheme.