2016 年 89 巻 p. 45-60
Along with the evolution of the media, risk society and globalization have made progress. Media technology manages the risks that result as these functions become means of control. With the progress of risk society and globalization,“ crisis management” has become an important theme in the world. The problem with the National Security Agency （NSA） monitoring global communication has become apparent in the Snowden incident. Changes in media have also caused evolutions in intelligence activities: state power to monitor the world, social structure to preserve state secrets in the name of security, and risk management. Computers and the internet are supporting the social infrastructure. Under the pretext of security （e.g., counterterrorism）, monitoring technology has evolved and been introduced to society. As with intelligence activity, this technology is a technique for preventing potential risks that could create crises. Big data is used for economic marketing in corporate activities. It has been used as a tool for intelligence activities by political power. The Arab Spring was described as “Revolution 2.0.” Public Diplomacy 2.0 is using social media （e.g., Twitter and Facebook）. While bonding with intelligence activities, this development has affected international relations. In this way, media evolution and risk management society have progressed in the world.