2015 年 17 巻 1 号 p. 1-5
Over the last decades, physical inactivity has reached pandemic proportions worldwide, and therefore became a public health priority. Despite its importance, there was no observatory dedicated exclusively to monitor physical activity surveillance, research and policy worldwide. In 2012, The Lancet Physical Activity Observatory was launched in response to this urgent call for action.
Purpose: To describe the work conducted by The Lancet Physical Activity Observatory in order to track physical activity surveillance, research and policy worldwide.
Methods: The Observatory has a website, directed and managed by physical activity epidemiologists and public health researchers. The main Observatory’s product are the country cards, which are country profiles from 219 countries that include general country data in addition to common surveillance, policy and research indicators. All the information was gathered using a standardized methodology.
Results: The Observatory will be able to reach local experts in 219 countries and therefore create a global collaborative network to monitor physical activity. Each of the countries will have a page in the website that will include local data, contact information and the translated card. The country cards will help countries to determine which are their needs and opportunities to initiate or improve standardized data collection, surveillance systems, policy making, program development and evaluation in the area of physical activity.
Conclusion: The Observatory’s expectation is that these country cards become an evaluation and advocacy tool helping governments, researchers and society to improve their health status through physical activity.