Intimate Partner Violence against women [IPV] is a serious human right abuse, so early intervention in IPV is socially required. Previous study found that several forms of address predicted physical IPV. Hence, I aimed to predict physical IPV from husbands’ forms of address for wives. Participants were 76 married women in Japan. They aged 53.6 (S.D. = 13.5) and married 25.3 (S.D. = 13.3) years on average. They reported their husbands’ forms of address to them. The forms were converted into arrogant and intimacy scores based on Semantic Scores of Japanese Forms of Address. They also answered the Communication Patterns Questionnaire and shortened version of the Conflict Tactics Scales. Results showed that arrogant and intimate scores of forms of address were significantly correlated with mutual constructive communication and physical IPV. Still, physical IPV was predicted only by arrogant scores. These findings were discussed from the perspective of context specifier.
The Adolescents’ Response to Parents’ Marital Conflict Scale was developed and administered to 602 high-school students in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grade in order to examine its constructs and internal consistency. A multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis showed that the scale had a common structure across the Japanese and Chinese samples. To some extent, the internal consistency of the Adolescents’ Response to Parents’ Marital Conflict Scale was confirmed. When encountering a parents’ marital conflict, women scored higher than men on "depression/anxiety," "irritation/anger," and "interventional behavior" in both countries. Moreover, 3rd grade (high-school) students scored higher on "parents’ conflict resolution" than 1st and 2nd grade students in both countries. There were some differences between the two countries in the adolescents’ response: Japanese adolescents scored high on "coping efficacy toward self," and "avoidance behavior," and Chinese adolescents scored high on "parents’ conflict resolution", "depression/anxiety," "irritation/anger," and "interventional behavior." The differences of adolescents’ response between the two countries were discussed from the perspective of cross-cultural psychology.