The present study investigates aftereffects of adolescences’ experience of cyber bullying. Cyber bullying is defined as bullying via electronic communication tools. We surveyed 321 late adolescent university students in Japan. The results showed that victimization on the internet significantly raised current levels of anxiety and frustration. On the other hand, victimization on the mail did not affect current mental problems. Internet and mail had different communication function (mass communication/ personal communication), so the different function might have different psychological impacts on late adolescent mental health.
This study provides an exploratory discussion on the developmental transformation of sibling relationship that follows their family system developments. Nine first children in their fifties and sixties were chosen to receive semi-structured interviews. The result found a model consisting of five phases depicting the developmental transformation of sibling relationship: (1) Family Phase (the foundation of the sibling relationship is formed); (2) Independent Phase (siblings start to see each other as equals); (3) Relative Phase (siblings establish their own families and maintain sibling relationship as relatives); (4) Care Phase (siblings cope with each other in support of their aging parents); and (5) Integration Phase (siblings build strong spiritual bonds with other siblings after their parents’ death).
From these findings, it was clarified that the developmental transformation of sibling relationship is generated through the repeated reformation of the family structure along with the changes in their family system.
We conducted 4 times surveys starting from June 2011 and continuing through February 2013, in order to check up stress response of local government workers who suffered The Great East Japan Earthquake (Higashi Nihon Daishinsai) with K6 and Comprehensive Stress Response Inventory (CSI). Our study has three aims. First, we will organize the chronological pattern of stress responses. Second, we will examine how the initial disastrous condition and attributes of survey participants relate to the chronological pattern of subsequent stress responses. Third, we will examine how the current stress responses interplay with the chronological pattern of stress responses.
Result of this study show that (1) chronological patterns of stress response are classified into 8 clusters (no-stress response maintaining group, low-stress response maintaining group, low-stress response to no-stress response slow improvement group, middle-stress response to high-stress response slow deteriorated group, middle-stress response to low-stress response slow improvement group, low-stress response to no-stress response rapid improvement group, high-stress response to low-stress response rapid improvement group, severe-stress response maintaining group ――13.55% of local government workers remained at a high level of stress 15 months after the earthquake), (2) damage of domicile and living outside their domiciles relate to stress response of local government workers, (3) two factors of CSI (stress response to a disaster and autonomic symptoms) relate with state at the outset of disaster and other two factors of CSI (anxiety / tense and displeasure / anger) relate with recent conditions. We mainly discussed two themes about point of attention in mental health care for local government workers at a natural disaster and points of attention in assessment of PTSD-like response.
This study investigated the changes in situation and emotion of host families(wives) who received evacuee families after Great East Japan Earthquake(GEJE). Twelve subjects who accommodated evacuee families were interviewed. Eleven cases of accommodation were due to the accident of Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant and started just after GEJE. According to quality analysis with protocol data, host families tended to push themselves too hard through a month after GEJE, and start burning out from around three months after GEJE. Their burnout caused by their underlying stress as they couldn't tell it even to their family and friends. Troubles with evacuee families were observed in some cases from five months after GEJE. The main factors that host families handled their accommodation well were indicated as follows that evacuee family had, 1) Initiative 2) a low level of reliance on support of information and money. And in addition, host families just wanted to receive the words, “ thank you” from evacuees, and “good job!” from their relatives.
This article is the summery of the 31st Family Psychological Association independent symposium. We examined the future direction of Japanese-style brief therapy, which does not adhere to a change too much, based on Bateson’s ideology. The contents of each topic provider are as follows. Kousuke Ishii presented the approach of the de-addiction to focus on the part which has already been changed. Masafumi Nakamura showed possibility of ‘do different’ based on Bateson’s multiplex description. Hiroki Nagaishi showed the significance of not changing in strong restriction of the palliative care unit. Hiroaki Matsumoto showed the directionality of the resource to entrust a pattern based on Bateson’s redundancy. Finally Kohei Sato who was a designated debater showed significance and a problem of the de-control-like approach as the common point of each topic provider.