The purpose of this study is to apply the schema of integrated information theory which explains the stereoscopic phenomena of consciousness to the family system and to examine “what kind of properties the family system with high problem solving abilities possess?”. The integrated information theory assumes that consciousness phenomena are caused by neuron’s differences and interaction. The hypothesis in this study is that “the couple who has the higher score in both difference and communication has higher problem solving abilities and resilience than the other couples”. In study 1, a questionnaire survey was conducted with 111 married couples (average age of 45.04) and in study 2, a questionnaire survey was conducted with 82 college students (average age of 20.14) asking about the relationship between parents. As a result of the analysis, it was shown that there are three differences between the couple: “way of thinking”, “preference” and “ability”. Although the hypothesis of this study was not supported, it was suggested that the couple’s “way of thinking” and “preference” are small and the couple communicates has a positive relationship with problem solving abilities and family resilience. We will discuss the way to catch the difference and advance our study.
In this research, the purpose was to examine the influence of father’s image transfer from mother to child ing father image of their child. We focused on two aspects of how to convey father’s image by mother, management side and content side. A questionnaire survey was conducted for 217 college students (97 males, 120 females). As a result of the factor analysis, the management aspect of how to convey father’s image by mother was constructed with "Peaceful" "Callousness" "Involving " "awkwardness" "serious" in management side and "reference to father’s presence" "mother’s perspective to the father" in the content aspect. Covariance structure analysis was conducted to examine the effect of mother’s father image transmission on family function through mediation of father’s image. As a result, it was suggested that referring to father’s day-to-day situation on the content side and "peaceful " "serious" on the management side by mothers promotes family functions by mediating a positive father’s image perceived by their child.
Correlations among workplace satisfaction, marital coping, and Work-Life Balance (WLB) were examined based on gender to identify factors affecting workers’ mental health. The results indicated that “job content” in workplace satisfaction and “delegated dyadic coping by the self” as well as “negative dyadic coping by the partner” in marital coping directly affected the mental health of male workers. On the other hand, job content and “delegated dyadic coping of the partner” as well as “negative dyadic coping by the partner” directly affected the mental health of female workers. Moreover, it was suggested that in both men and women, job content and negative dyadic coping by the partner might affect workers’ mental health, mediated by “commitment to work,” which is one WLB factors.