This study compared the parental roles of siblings in high functioning families with those in low functioning families. The study was conducted with students from universities A and B in the Tohoku region (N = 374; males = 239, females = 130, gender unknown = 5). The average age of the respondents was 19.72 (SD = 1.30). The results yielded two significant findings. First, for high functioning families, significant correlations were observed between role expectations of the participants and their siblings. Furthermore, marginally significant correlations were observed between participants’ self role expectations and siblings’ role behaviors. Second, for low functioning families, significant correlations were observed between participants’ self role expectations and behaviors, as well as between the siblings’ role expectations and behaviors. Significantly higher correlations were observed between participants’ self parental role expectations and behaviors for low functioning families compared to high functioning ones.
The aim of this research is to exploratorily determine how keeping a dog alters family structures. From samples collected through questionnaire papers and on the internet, 313 dog-owning families were selected as the subject for this analysis. We performed a single-factor analysis of variance (single-factor ANOVA) with the three periods of time; "Before ownership", "Immediately after ownership", and "Present", as the independent variables, and the subscales of family structure; "cohesion" between the parents, the father and children, and the mother and children, and the bidirectional "power" in each relationship as the dependent variables. We found that there was an alteration in the family structure between the time period "before ownership" and the two time periods after ownership, with a noticeable difference in the father's power over children. We discuss the relationship between the act of keeping a dog and the structure of the family.
This study has the objective to discover the family relationships and support that should exist within families of international marriages. I used the analytical method of extracting, for the purpose of presenting my cases, the portions from the responses of each of the subjects in the three interviews conducted on him/her, portions that applied to the two aspects of support to the children from international marriages --(1) the family relationships within the international marriages, and (2) the support given to the children from international marriages. The results of my study brought to light that in such family relationships, the roles of parents and children had reversed. Furthermore, with respect to the ideal way of support, the children of international marriages, found it difficult to discuss matters with their parents, suggesting the necessity for the supporters to take into consideration the worries and the reality that those children were unable to bear. Furthermore, with respect to the kind of support that should be provided, children from international marriages did not know whether the complications between their parents were those that occurred in ordinary families in Japan. From these circumstances, I perceived the significance in normalizing such situations of the children by having supporters provide them with the help in the form of psychological education.
Solution-focused approach was an effective treatment for drug abuse. Solution-focused therapy at the individual level showed treatment effects on drug users, but the therapy at the group level did not. On the basis of systemic therapies, we developed a solution-focused group therapy program for repeated-drug users in a Japanese prison. Our program was constituted of 12 sessions, all of which aimed to help achievement of clients’ personal goal and development of clients' motivation to change their lifestyle. The program included collaborative structures to manage clients’ aggressive behaviors. Our therapist’s manual facilitated clients’ solution talk and minimized their problem talk in group therapy. The program contents were also discussed from intrapersonal perspectives.