Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science
Online ISSN : 1884-1228
Print ISSN : 0453-0691
ISSN-L : 0453-0691
Volume 7 , Issue 1
Showing 1-4 articles out of 4 articles from the selected issue
  • Satosi WATANABE
    1986 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 1-14
    Published: March 05, 1986
    Released: February 16, 2009
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    We can recognize at least three types of epistemological relativity. The present paper deals with the logico-linguistic type of relativity, which is exemplified by the grue emerald of Goodman and the ugly duckling of the present author. A general theorem is introduced and proven, which covers all the cases of this type of relativity.
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  • Takao TATI
    1986 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 15-31
    Published: March 05, 1986
    Released: February 16, 2009
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A physical picture of macroscopic and microscopic worlds is presented. In the space-time description, both the macroscopic and microscopic worlds are described simultaneously in space-time being a single boundless four dimensional continuum in which the motion of the observer is represented as a world line. In our picture, the space-time description is valid only for the macroscopic world and the microscopic world is local in the sense that it is described in a finite space associated with each point of the macroscopic space-time. In this case, space-time does not exist in the microscopic world in which the observer can not move. For the description of our picture, the language of the non-space-time description is necessary in which space-time is not presupposed. We can utilize the space-time description for the macroscopic world and, at the same time, we have a theory of finite degree of freedom describing creations and annihilations of elementary particles in the microscopic world free from the divergence difficulty, instead of the divergent quantum field theory in the space-time description which is considered in our picture a limit of an approximation like the ideal gas in gas theories. The finite degree of freedom is given by a one-particle state-vector space of a finite dimension from which the second quantization leads to a state-vector space of a countable dimension (a Hilbert space) for the theory of creations and annihilations of elementary particles describing a local microscopic world. The relation between microscopic worlds associated with different macroscopic space-time points is given by a dynamical principle up to a phase factor due to possible fluctuations of phases of local state-vector spaces. The experiment on interference of light performed recently by Franson and Potocki is interpreted in terms of fluctuation of the local phases and is considered to support the theory of finite degree of freedom which leads to the idea of local microscopic worlds.
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  • Mariko YASUGI
    1986 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 33-46
    Published: March 05, 1986
    Released: March 31, 2009
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  • Mitio TAKANO
    1986 Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages 47-56
    Published: March 05, 1986
    Released: February 16, 2009
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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