Japanese Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Online ISSN : 1348-7930
Print ISSN : 1348-7922
ISSN-L : 1348-7922
Volume 4, Issue 3
Displaying 1-6 of 6 articles from this issue
  • Shuhei IZAWA, Kentaro SHIROTSUKI, Nagisa SUGAYA, Namiko OGAWA, Katsuhi ...
    2007 Volume 4 Issue 3 Pages 91-101
    Published: 2007
    Released on J-STAGE: October 19, 2007
    An objective assessment of stress is needed to manage stress and prevent the development of stress-related diseases such as depression and coronary heart disease. In this paper, we discussed the possibility of applying saliva to an assessment of stress. We illustrated the procedures for collecting and analyzing saliva, and reviewed the relationships of acute, chronic, psychological, or physical stress to seven salivary substances: Cortisol, Dehydroepiandrosterone, Testosterone, Chromogranin A, 3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyglycol, α-Amylase, and Secretory Immunoglobulin A. Considering unique characteristics of each salivary substance and purposes of the study or the non-invasive assessment, salivary substances should be selected for the assessment of stress.
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  • Hirotaka HAYASHI, Satoshi OHNO, Yasuyuki OHTA, Takanari ARAI, Nobutaka ...
    2007 Volume 4 Issue 3 Pages 103-112
    Published: 2007
    Released on J-STAGE: October 19, 2007
    The category “Food with Health Claim” contains “Food with Nutrient Function Claim” and “Food for Specified Health Use (FOSHU)”. The definition of “Food with Nutrient Function Claim” is “food used to supplement nutritional factors such as vitamins and minerals”. Once certain standards have been met, public sale of the item is possible. In concrete terms these requirements specify that the daily intake of the aforementioned nutritional factors must be within a certain range, as well as the display of health claims and warning labels.
    At the same time, because FOSHU possess components capable of affecting physiological function, and their application is essentially as specific health foods, each food to be sold as FOSHU requires authorization from the Japanese Ministry of Health. In this article we focus on the various tests required for approval.
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Original Article
  • Shuhei IZAWA, Katsuhiko SUZUKI
    2007 Volume 4 Issue 3 Pages 113-118
    Published: 2007
    Released on J-STAGE: October 19, 2007
    Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of the salivary cortisol immunoassay kits that were manufactured by DRG International, Inc., Salimetrics, LLC., and IBL Hamburg, which were widely used in neuroendocrine research. Correlations between plasma and salivary cortisol concentrations and between enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and luminescence immunoassay (LIA) were investigated.
    Methods: Saliva and plasma samples were collected in eight participants who took part in the study of the exercise stress testing. In total, forty salivary cortisol samples were assayed by means of the three salivary cortisol immunoassay kits. Plasma cortisol concentrations were determined by ELISA kit (IBL).
    Results: Salivary cortisol concentrations measured by the three immunoassay kits were significantly and highly correlated with plasma cortisol concentrations (r ≥ .863). Scattergrams also indicated that exponential curve well explained the relationship between salivary and plasma cortisol concentrations (r ≥ .925). Salivary cortisol concentrations measured by LIA (IBL) was correlated with salivary cortisol concentrations measured by ELISA (DRG and Salimetrics: r=.943 and .985, respectively). Values of cortisol concentration measured by ELISA (DRG) were higher than those by ELISA (Salimetrics) and LIA (IBL).
    Conclusion: Salivary cortisol concentrations that were measured by the three immunoassay kits reflected the variations of plasma cortisol concentration. Differences in immunoassay methods (ELISA and LIA) did not influence the values of cortisol concentration. These findings indicated that it is possible to assess stress by measuring salivary cortisol without the need for blood sampling.
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  • —A Preliminary Pilot Study on the Quality of Sleep—
    Kazuo UEBABA, Masuo NAKAI, Fenghao XU, Hongbing WANG, Satoshi OHNO, Hi ...
    2007 Volume 4 Issue 3 Pages 119-126
    Published: 2007
    Released on J-STAGE: October 19, 2007
    The sleep-inducing effect and safety of an herbal tea containing valerian and lemon balm were subject to a preliminary open pilot study. Subjects were 14 female volunteers (age 35 ± 11, BMI 21 ± 3 kg/m2) who complained of poor sleep. After obtaining informed consent, subjects took daily 2 cups of herbal teas containing valerian and lemon balm for 1 week, followed by a control week, during which they had two cups of hot water. OSA sleep questionnaires and VAS scales were recorded every day. Sleep quality increased at the 2nd day after starting the tea, and sleep induction and sleep maintenance were improved in particular. Those whose complaints were severe experienced greater relief than those who complaint a little. Some cases reported transient sleepiness and gastrointestinal complaints. However, these symptoms disappeared spontaneously. The safety and effectiveness of this sleep-inducing herbal tea was ascertained.
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  • Reiko KISHIKAWA, Nobuo SOH, Sadami INOUE, Masayuki KAMIMURA, Chiduko K ...
    2007 Volume 4 Issue 3 Pages 127-136
    Published: 2007
    Released on J-STAGE: October 19, 2007
    Background: As a complementary medicine we have evaluated the efficacy of Benihuuki green tea, which contains methylated form of tea catechin reported stronger anti-allergic activities than ordinary catechin, on Japanese Cedar Pollinosis (JCP) in comparison with Yabukita green tea, contains ordinary catechin. This study was carried out during the pollination season, Feb.–April, in 2005.
    Method: Four hundred eighty six patients with JCP, visiting 12 otorhinolaryngology clinics in Fukuoka prefecture were divided into A and B groups and subjected to quasi-single blind clinical trials. Under ordinary conditions, A-group patients took Benihuuki green tea and B-group took Yabukita green tea every day from February 1st to the end of Japanese cedar and Cupressaceae pollination season. We compared nose and eye symptom scores, medication scores and disturbance of quality of life (QOL).
    Result: There were no differences observed between the two groups with respect to their symptom scores and the disturbance of QOL. However, decreasing trend of the medication scores was observed in A-group (p < 0.1).
    Conclusion: It has been suggested that Benihuuki green tea is a possible candidate as a complementary medicine for JCP during the pollination season.
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Current View
  • Keishi TANIGAWA
    2007 Volume 4 Issue 3 Pages 137-145
    Published: 2007
    Released on J-STAGE: October 19, 2007
    The number of people that use Natural Health Products (NHP), not only as a complementary medical treatment, but also for disease prevention and health maintenance, has increased considerably in recent years. Although classified as a food, NHPs can have various pharmacological effects, leading to situations that cannot be ignored by healthcare administrators. However, the level of knowledge and awareness of NHPs are inadequate among healthcare professionals. The Medical Supplement Advisor (MSA) Certification Course that is introduced here is an advanced level course intended for medical professionals only, which examine NHPs, categorized by specific diseases, based on EBM. The contents and arrangement of this course allow clinical physicians and pharmacists to learn and acquire more effectively the knowledge and tools of NHPs and has also been designed with special attention to the clinical application of that knowledge. In order to maximize convenience, the entire course is offered on-line and a CBT system is utilized for the qualification exam. It is essential for healthcare administrators in the future to be able to critically assess information about NHPs and to play a guiding role in health management programs and comprehensive medical care that incorporate Natural Health Products.
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