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全文: "ドゥア"
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  • アジア・アフリカ地域研究
    2002年 2 巻 351-366
    発行日: 2002/11/30
    公開日: 2018/12/05
    ジャーナル フリー

    ベトナムでの海藻研究―生態から採取・生産・利用へ拡がる関心―

    筒井  功

    一人前の土器職人への道―エチオピア西南部アリ地域における土器作りの

    フィールドから―

    金子 守恵

    チパンデが教育するもの―タンザニア・ゴゴ社会の割礼式―

    長谷川竜生

  • アジア・アフリカ地域研究
    2002年 2 巻 329-350
    発行日: 2002/11/30
    公開日: 2018/12/05
    ジャーナル フリー

    新谷忠彦編.『〔アジア文化叢書〕黄金の四角地帯―シャン文化圏の歴史・言語・民族』(東京外国語大学アジア・アフリカ言語文化研究所歴史・民俗叢書 II)慶友社,1998 年,326 p.

    樫永真佐夫

    Mary Beth Mills. Thai Women in the Global Labor Force: Consuming Desires, Contested Selves. New Brunswick, New Jersey and London: Routgers University

    Press, 1999, xv+218p.

    木曽 恵子

    Ralph H. Magnus and Eden Naby. Afghanistan: Mullah, Marx, and Mujahid.

    Colorado and Oxford: Westview Press, 2000, 286 p.

    子島  進

    Christopher Houston. Islam, Kurds and the Turkish Nation State.

    Oxford & New York: Berg, 2001, 215p.

    大庭 竜太

  • 地学雑誌
    1940年 52 巻 6 号 284-286
    発行日: 1940/06/15
    公開日: 2010/12/22
    ジャーナル フリー
  • キッチン ケネス. A., 鞭木 由行
    オリエント
    1994年 37 巻 2 号 215-222
    発行日: 1994年
    公開日: 2010/03/12
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 川口 琢司
    史学雑誌
    2000年 109 巻 4 号 586-595
    発行日: 2000/04/20
    公開日: 2017/11/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 松井 太
    内陸アジア史研究
    2008年 23 巻 25-48
    発行日: 2008/03/31
    公開日: 2017/10/10
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 田中 正隆
    アフリカ研究
    2007年 2007 巻 71 号 157-159
    発行日: 2007/12/31
    公開日: 2010/04/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 大川 玲子
    宗教研究
    2004年 77 巻 4 号 1098-1099
    発行日: 2004/03/30
    公開日: 2017/07/14
    ジャーナル フリー
  • ──コムポン・チャーム-クラチェの1885年反乱──
    北川 香子
    東南アジア -歴史と文化-
    2014年 2014 巻 43 号 87-116
    発行日: 2014年
    公開日: 2016/12/17
    ジャーナル フリー

    In January 1885, anti-French rebellions broke out at various points in the Kingdom of Cambodia. France concentrated four thousand troops on Cambodia and barely suppressed the rebels with the help of the Cambodian King by the end of 1886. In general understanding, those rebellions were the reaction of Cambodian elites to the treaty which the Governor of Cochinchina, Charles Thomson, forced to King Norodom on 17 June 1884. Although much attention has been given to the roles played by supreme elites, such as the Governor of Cochinchina, King Norodom, Second King Sisowath and Prince Si Votha during those years, little is known about the situation in each region under the rebellions. In this paper, I inquire closely into the activities of the rebels who uprose along the Mekong River between Kampong Cham and Kracheh. After the rebellion subsided, this region began to develop significantly under the French colonial rule which guaranteed the safety of the traffic on the Mekong River from Cochinchina to Laos.

    The rebellion in Kampong Cham─Kracheh region occurred in inland srok srae (the land of paddy field), and the main participants were Khmers. Prei (forest) or phnom (mountain) behind srok srae were not the foothold of the rebels, but served as supply and escape routes for them. Ethnic minorities and religious or magical authorities were not included in the main body of the rebels. Most chiefs of the rebels were officials who held traditional titles as governors and balats (deputy governor). They led hundreds of people, held their own grounds in the plain of srok srae, and shared information about the maneuvers of French troops by exchanging letters with each other. They had been respectively appointed by different authorities, and some of them were appointed by Si Votha who had maintained another independent kingdom to the north of Kampong Thum, which contacted with the territory of Siam. A dozen “Burmese warriors” were distributed under chiefs who had strong ties with Si Votha, and Siamese of Siem Bouk played an important role in supplying guns and ammunition for the rebels. These facts suggest that the rebels maintained close connection with Northeast Thailand area. The targets of the rebels were those who related to the French colonial rule, Chinese merchants, and Malay and Chams along the Mekong River.

    The French did not have enough military power to defeat independent chiefs to control the entire srok srae, but could find skilled pro-French local officials and nominated them as governors in the process of suppressing the rebellion. During the decade after the outbreak of rebellion, the chiefs of the rebels disappeared one by one, and the governors newly appointed by the name of the King were received by the local population. Then the French succeeded in stabilizing their rule to promote “a colonization without collision” on the territory along the Mekong River to the edge of prei and phnom.

  • 井澤 友美
    観光学評論
    2014年 2 巻 2 号 143-154
    発行日: 2014年
    公開日: 2020/01/13
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    バリは、インドネシアを代表する国際観光地に発展した。しかし、その開発は、長年バリ島外部勢力が主導するものであり、地域住人の意向は反映されてこなかった。特にスハルト権威主義体制時代(1966-1998)における国際観光開発は、観光収益の島外への流出、地方行政府間における観光収入の格差、治安の悪化、環境の劣化などの弊害を伴った。1998年にスハルト政権が崩壊すると、インドネシアでは権威主義体制から民主化へ、中央集権から地方分権への移行が急速に進められた。では、民主化・地方分権化を経て、バリの観光開発はどのように変化したのか。また、観光による弊害の現状はどのようなものか。本稿では、これまで問題の原因の多くを外部の責任とみなしつつ議論されてきた観光開発とそれに伴う社会問題に対して、ポスト・スハルト時代に発言権を増した地元アクターに焦点を当てつつその実態を明らかにする。すなわち、体制移行を経てバリ社会は、地元アクター間における観光利潤の獲得競争という新時代に入ったのであり、それに伴ってスハルト時代に顕著となった社会問題がますます悪化せざるを得ないという皮肉な現状を議論する。
  • 14世紀初頭におけるイラン・中国交渉史の1齣
    恵谷 俊之
    オリエント
    1965年 8 巻 3-4 号 49-55,134
    発行日: 1965年
    公開日: 2010/03/12
    ジャーナル フリー
    In the political chaos after the fall of the 2nd Khwariazm Empire Hülägü who had been appointed by the great Qa'an Möngke to the governor of Iran, was successful to overthrow the 'Abbasids Caliphate of Baghdad after having conquered the Isma'iliyah of Mazanderan. He marched back to the Iranian Plateau through Hamadan highway and turned north to Azerbaijan. Here he established the Il-Khanate in 1258. Meanwhile in the East the sudden death of Möngke (1259) resulted in the struggle about the succession of the Great Qa'anship between Erik Böke and Qubilai. The latter overwhilmed the former and established the Yüan dynasty in China. Thereafter both Mongol powers, the Yüan dynasty of the Eastern Asia and the Il-khans of the Western Asia, seem to have rapidly adapted themselves to Chinese and Iranian traditions respectively. Qubilai Qa'an, who considered himself as the legitimate successor of Möngke and the Great Qa'an of Chingis Qa'anids Empire, regarded the family of Hülägü as a governor of one of the provinces of his dominions, while to the Il-khans, who enjoyed the domination over their vaste territory in Western Asia and constituted an independent state de facto, such a status seems to have not been a matter of great concern, and they regarded the Yüan dynasty as their brother khanate in the East and a good partner in their trading activities. Both of them, which were standing in the friendly relations, different from Chaghatai and Ügetei Khanates, actively despatched ambassadors each other after the end of Qaidu and Duwa's rebellions in the beginning of the 14th century.
    The present paper treats with Ghazan's embassy to the Yüan court under Timur Qa'an, mainly based on Wassaf's descriptions in his Tajziyat al-Amsar wa Tazjiyat al-A'sar. The author tries to analyse the Ilkhan's diplomatic attitude to the Yüan and points out the trading and commercial factors therein.
  • 渡辺 静香
    日本デザイン学会研究発表大会概要集
    2000年 47 巻
    発行日: 2000/10/16
    公開日: 2017/11/08
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
    This study wili show possibilities of patterns generated from square basic units following a simple procedure, and demonstrate visually the number and the aspects Each sample of 13 groups of basic units classified by graphical features was assembled into 256 of 2×2 squareunit patterns, then tiled in parallel and two-dimensionally. These 256 patterns were classified by defining the rotation (R), the mirror image (M) and the inversion (I) as an identical pattern.In consequence, the 13 basic units, related to their symmetry and inversion of figure and background, revealed to generate 137 repetitive patterns in total. And their aspects showed some dynamic patterns by connected and unified, from which it was hard to imagine the basic units immediately.
  • 板倉 修司
    木材保存
    1994年 20 巻 5 号 276-279
    発行日: 1994/09/25
    公開日: 2009/05/22
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 高畑 智之, ドゥア シリス, 松本 潔, 下山 勲
    会議録・要旨集 認証あり

    In this paper, the relation of plantar loading during the pre-flight phase of a vertical jump and the jump height was studied using a shoe that has MEMS triaxial force sensors on its insole of the right shoe at four points, which were hallux, first metatarsal head, fifth metatarsal head, and heel. It was found that the hallux exerts the largest force among the four anatomical regions of the foot, making it the largest contributor to the downward propulsive force. It was also found that the impulse due to heel increases with increased jump height. Likewise, in higher jumps, the impulse due to metatarsal heads are lower in comparison to that due to hallux and heel, implying that the plantar load shift from heel to hallux during ascent phase occurs more quickly while jumping to a greater height.

  • -適正技術開発センターにおけるブレ建設プロジェクトを事例として-
    小林 広英, 藤枝 絢子
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    2016年 81 巻 724 号 1303-1313
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/06/30
    ジャーナル フリー
     The Fijian traditional wooden house known as “bure” is a vernacular architecture locally developed in Fiji islands, which had been built with communal work in each village throughout the country and which building skills and knowledge had been passed down from generation to generation. In the course of modernization, bure has given way to housing in Western in the latter half of the twenty century. It means that they have missed opportunities to transfer the indigenous building technology to the young generation and are at risk of losing a valuable culture of Fijian traditional wooden house. In these circumstances, indigenous Fijians especially elderly express their hope to preserve the building tradition of bure which symbolizes Fijian culture. Furthermore, recognizing the possible use of bure in terms of tourism or disaster response, its value has begun to be re-evaluated.
     Under these circumstances, “bure construction project” was carried out in collaboration with Center for Appropriate Technology and Development (CATD), a governmental vocational training school, with the purpose of providing a learning opportunity for their young trainees. This paper aimed to record and examine the indigenous building technology of Fijian traditional wooden house through this project as well as based on a series of field surveys in the villages which still had bure and literature reviews.
     According to the previous studies, the architectural style of bure was classified into four types by plane and structure: houses with straight sides and rounded ends and an arched roof (Tongan type) (Fig. 3-1), rectangular houses with a main post in the middle of each of the short ends (Fig. 3-2), rectangular houses with no main posts (Fig. 3-3), and rectangular or square houses with a center pole (Fig. 3-4). The bure constructed at CATD belongs to the type of Fig. 3-3.
     Its construction process demonstrated the traditional design methods including utilization of body based units of measurement. Seven body based units for measurements and actual size based on the lengths of a Fijian adult male was recorded as shown in Fig 5. According to the interviews, the dimensions of bure were customary determined in each village which resulted in variety in size of existing bures (Fig. 6). Table 2 lists the building materials used for the bure construction at CATD. Due to the location where CATD is in coastal area, mangroves were used for structure while different hardwoods were used in the mountainous areas. The building materials vary depending on the availability of the natural plants. It took eight people approximately one month to construct one bure. Table 3 provided a detailed construction process and amount of effort and time expended.
     This study clarified the architectural style of bure and its traditional design and building technology based on the detailed record of a construction project as well as the interviews and a series of field surveys. This also revealed that it reflected the locality since the building materials and construction methods reflects varied from place to place. In the future, there is a need to carry out a further research for the systematical and comprehensive understandings of Fijian traditional wooden house.
  • ―リヨン~ケンブリッジの日々―
    中島 晃
    トライボロジスト
    2013年 58 巻 10 号 754-757
    発行日: 2013/10/15
    公開日: 2018/05/08
    ジャーナル 認証あり
  • Hidemitsu KUROKI
    Orient
    2002年 37 巻 39-48
    発行日: 2002年
    公開日: 2008/03/24
    ジャーナル フリー
    Although general Islamic and Middle Eastern studies in Japan started as early as the late nineteenth century, the tradition was interrupted by the government's national mobilization policy during World War II. The specialized study of modern Arab history had to make a restart after the war with new researchers without any academic inheritance (Miyaji 1999; Miura 2002; Sato 2002). The foundation of the current study was laid down during the period of high economic growth in the late 1960's and 70's, which was enabled by the stable oil supply from the Persian Gulf countries. In addition, the research and study have been stimulated by wars and crises in the Middle East, among which the most conspicuous are the Fourth Middle East War in 1973, the Gulf War in 1991, and perhaps the war in Afghanistan in 2001 and 02. This article focuses on the development of modern Arab history in post-World War II Japan and describes the process by dividing the researchers into three generation groups.
  • 赤羽 誠, 蓑輪 利光, 板橋 秀一
    日本音響学会誌
    2001年 57 巻 12 号 776-782
    発行日: 2001/12/01
    公開日: 2017/06/02
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 鳥山 成人
    ロシア史研究
    1962年 3 巻 2 号 35-40
    発行日: 1962/10/10
    公開日: 2017/07/25
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 村上 信明
    史学雑誌
    2009年 118 巻 5 号 952-957
    発行日: 2009/05/20
    公開日: 2017/12/01
    ジャーナル フリー
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