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  • 杉浦 静子, 伊藤 千代子, 明石 悦子, 松井 清夫, 坂本 弘
    日本衛生学雑誌
    1981年 36 巻 4 号 701-711
    発行日: 1981/10/30
    公開日: 2009/02/17
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this study was to clarify the degree of information published by newspapers concerned with health education. Two major newspapers were observed for the years 1972 and 1976, and the contents of editorials, personal columns, letters to the editor and obituary notices were analyzed.
    The results were as follows:
    1) Similar tendencies were noted for editorials, personal columns and letters to the editor, in that the ratio of the number of health articles to the total number of articles was significantly lower in 1976 than in 1972. Articles about environmental pollution, and occupational health and safety decreased between 1972 and 1976.
    2) Articles dealing with health problems were most often concerned with the citizens' campaign for the health problem. On the other hand, proposals and requests about health problems were frequently aimed at governmental or at public organizations.
    3) Persons reported about in obituary notices were generally male, forty years of age and over, and the directors of companies or corporations. Their causes of death were different when compared with the general population adjusted for sex and age.
  • 後藤 和彦
    テレビジョン学会誌
    1979年 33 巻 3 号 193-201
    発行日: 1979/03/01
    公開日: 2011/03/14
    ジャーナル フリー
    世界的にみて, 近年, マスコミの社会科学的研究はそれほど華々しい発展をみせてはいない.しかし, 地道な努力はいくつかの分野で着実につづいている.本稿では, テレビの暴力についての長期的な調査, マスコミの機能の調査の展開としての “利用と満足” に関する研究, それに新しい内容分析の展開として記号論的なアプローチを紹介している.
  • 岩本 裕
    日本世論調査協会報「よろん」
    2013年 112 巻 31-34
    発行日: 2013/10/31
    公開日: 2017/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 谷口 哲一郎
    日本世論調査協会報「よろん」
    2008年 101 巻 50-53
    発行日: 2008/03/31
    公開日: 2017/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 小渡 康朗
    日本世論調査協会報「よろん」
    2007年 100 巻 50-51
    発行日: 2007/10/31
    公開日: 2017/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 広瀬 英彦
    新聞学評論
    1987年 36 巻 167-170
    発行日: 1987/04/30
    公開日: 2017/10/06
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 彭 元順
    新聞学評論
    1985年 34 巻 226-229
    発行日: 1985/03/31
    公開日: 2017/10/06
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 鈴木 泰
    日本世論調査協会報「よろん」
    2011年 107 巻 48-49
    発行日: 2011/03/31
    公開日: 2017/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 古野 洋子
    教育・社会心理学研究
    1962年 4 巻 1 号 104-113
    発行日: 1962年
    公開日: 2010/03/15
    ジャーナル フリー
    因子分析の結果次の4つの因子が見出された.
    (1) 第I因子…企業意識からの離脱. これはイデオロギー的次元と心理的次元を含んだもので, 階級意識の構造中で企業意識ということがかなり中心的なものとしてみられる.
    (2) 第II因子…仲間意識. これは比較的企業意識から独立したものと考えられ階級意識の構造中, 企業意識についで大きな部分をしめる.
    (3) 第III因子…地についた進歩主義. 現状把握に於ける進歩性をあらわす.
    (4) 第IV因子…イデオロギー的階級意識. 古い意識の残存を伴っている.
    結局現実の階級意識にはイデオロギー的なものと階級心理といったものが併存している.
    仮説について検討すると (1) のいくつかの次元ということはある程度いえるが, どの様なヒエラルヒーをなしているか明らかでない. (2) については企業意識の (3) (19) (24), 連帶感の (6) (7) (14), 組合意識の (15) (16), 現状認識の (10) (17) (18) のごとく, かなりまとまって同傾向を示していることから, あるいは前述したごとき4つの因子が見出せたことなどから, この仮説は妥当なものといえよう. (3) において日常感覚的連帶感 (それは仲間意識といった方が適切だと思われるが) を中心的なものとしたのは, 第II因子の存在でまあ妥当であったといえようが, それより大きな意味を持つものとして企業意識が中心にあることが判明した.
    この労組に於ける階級意識とは, 企業意識を中心とし, 仲間意識, 地についた進歩主義がそれにつぎ, 又そこには公式進歩主義もみられるといった具合に, 階級心理とでもいったものからイデオロギー的なものを含めたものである. 中心の企業意識という観点が, 会社が危機にあったこの労組だけのものなのか, あるいは一般化出来るものかについては問題があり, より広い研究にまたねばならないが, 一応, 一般的にも云えるであろうことが予想される. 4つの因子の妥当性に関しては政党支持, 政治斗争参加という面で一応保証されたと考えられるが, 第III因子については, 云えない.
  • マス・コミュニケーション研究
    1999年 54 巻 242-245
    発行日: 1999/01/31
    公開日: 2017/10/06
    ジャーナル フリー
  • マス・コミュニケーション研究
    1993年 42 巻 246-251
    発行日: 1993/03/31
    公開日: 2017/10/06
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 三宅 一郎, 木下 冨雄, 間場 寿一
    年報政治学
    1965年 16 巻 80-104,en1
    発行日: 1965/11/25
    公開日: 2009/12/21
    ジャーナル フリー
    Various attitudinal factors are considered as media connecting demographic factors and socio-economic conditions to voting behavior. However, the structure or interrelatedness among these attitudinal factors themselves have not been sufficiently clarified.
    A cluster of attitudes may at times form an hierarchical structure by a frame of reference, or, while in conflict to each other, they somehow preserve a balance and form so diffuse an aggregate that it can not be called an attitude structure in the narrow sense of the term. However some pattern of interrelatedness should be found among these attitudes. Here the term “attitude structure” is used in such a wider sense, and the object of this paper is to suggest an empirical model of such an attitude structure.
    The starting point of this study is to establish the kind of attitudinal factors which constitute an attitude structure, and it is best to establish them based on a theoretical hypothesis concerning attitude structure. It is usually said that a certain attitude is composed of an affective component. When a cluster of attitudes constitutes a structure, the affective components and the cognitive components of the various attitudes are mutually correlated, respectively constituting an affective structure and a cognitive structure. An affective structure is further divided into a structure of the direction of affection and a structure of the intensity of affection. These three structures can be classified into some levels, for instance by a criterion whether they are nearer political behavior or nearer social conditions.
    Selecting variables which represent each structure and each level in the above mentioned theoretical chart, and after a series of correlation analyses among 2 or 3 such variables, an empirical model of attitude structure has been formed, revising a part of the theoretical chart mentioned above. Further, in order to support this model, multi-variate analysis, in this case, factor analysis was performed. As its consequence, 5 factors were found, indicating upper and lower levels of the affective structure, upper and lower levels of the cognitive structure and a structure of the intensity of affection.
    Lastly, sub-models were examined. As the political culture of Japan is pluralistic, this model may be considered as an aggregate of several sub-models different in character. Therefore, by dividing the samples into two groups according to principal attitudinal factors, we examined how the types of the factors which were just discovered would change, and no great difference has been found among the sub-groups.
  • 三宅 一郎, 木下 冨雄, 間場 寿一
    年報政治学
    1965年 16 巻 1-80
    発行日: 1965/11/25
    公開日: 2009/12/21
    ジャーナル フリー
    Various attitudinal factors are considered as media connecting demographic factors and socio-economic conditions to voting behavior. However, the structure or interrelatedness among these attitudinal factors themselves have not been sufficiently clarified.
    A cluster of attitudes may at times form an hierarchical structure by a frame of reference, or, while in conflict to each other, they somehow preserve a balance and form so diffuse an aggregate that it can not be called an attitude structure in the narrow sense of the term. However some pattern of interrelatedness should be found among these attitudes. Here the term “attitude structure” is used in such a wider sense, and the object of this paper is to suggest an empirical model of such an attitude structure.
    The starting point of this study is to establish the kind of attitudinal factors which constitute an attitude structure, and it is best to establish them based on a theoretical hypothesis concerning attitude structure. It is usually said that a certain attitude is composed of an affective component. When a cluster of attitudes constitutes a structure, the affective components and the cognitive components of the various attitudes are mutually correlated, respectively constituting an affective structure and a cognitive structure. An affective structure is further divided into a structure of the direction of affection and a structure of the intensity of affection. These three structures can be classified into some levels, for instance by a criterion whether they are nearer political behavior or nearer social conditions.
    Selecting variables which represent each structure and each level in the above mentioned theoretical chart, and after a series of correlation analyses among 2 or 3 such variables, an empirical model of attitude structure has been formed, revising a part of the theoretical chart mentioned above. Further, in order to support this model, multi-variate analysis, in this case, factor analysis was performed. As its consequence, 5 factors were found, indicating upper and lower levels of the affective structure, upper and lower levels of the cognitive structure and a structure of the intensity of affection.
    Lastly, sub-models were examined. As the political culture of Japan is pluralistic, this model may be considered as an aggregate of several sub-models different in character. Therefore, by dividing the samples into two groups according to principal attitudinal factors, we examined how the types of the factors which were just discovered would change, and no great difference has been found among the sub-groups.
  • 品田 佳世子, 有明 幹子, 阿部 智, 川口 陽子
    口腔病学会雑誌
    2002年 69 巻 3 号 202-206
    発行日: 2002/09/30
    公開日: 2010/10/08
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this study was to review health information on nutrition in Japanese newspaper articles. The Nikkei Database was used to select articles published in five major newspapers: Asahi, Sankei, Nikkei, Mainichi and Yomiuri. All these dailies have nationwide circulation. The search period was for 7 years, from January 1993 to December 1999. The keywords “diet, ” “health, ” and “nutrition” were used. Consequently, 182 articles were selected and analyzed by determining content and coverage. The articles were published to be targeted for the general population: 123 (67.6%), schoolchildren: 21 (11.5%), and elderly: 18 (9.9%) . The main source of the newspaper articles on diet was health professionals, such as nutritionists and medical doctors. As diet related health problems, the lifestyle-related diseases, obesity, hypertension, and mental health were introduced in the newspapers. Few articles commented on the relationship between oral health and diet, and dental professionals were not much involved in providing health information on diet. The newspaper is a major source for the general public to obtain health information. It is clear that oral diseases and functional disorder influence daily eating habits. It was suggested that dental professionals should provide such information to the general public, using many occasions, such as conducting health guidance at dental clinics, health education at health centers or schools, and also through mass media.
  • 竹下 俊郎, 斉藤 慎一, 村松 泰子
    マス・コミュニケーション研究
    2000年 56 巻 253-254
    発行日: 2000/01/31
    公開日: 2017/10/06
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 竹下 俊郎
    マス・コミュニケーション研究
    2019年 95 巻 3-13
    発行日: 2019/07/31
    公開日: 2019/10/25
    ジャーナル フリー

    This paper discusses what contributions quantitative methods (roughly

    equal to statistical methods) have made to media research, especially to traditional

    mass communication research. Keeping in mind that statistical methods

    and case-study methods are not mutually exclusive, this paper points out a

    threefold merit of the former. First, statistical methods enable researchers to

    infer how widely various uses and effects of the media are distributed in the

    population( e.g., the uses and gratifications study from the 1970s onward). Second,

    easier replicability of theoretical hypotheses has made for cumulative

    advancement of a specific research area (e.g., the agenda-setting effect

    research). Third, counterintuitive findings sometimes found in empirical data

    would bring an opportunity for coming up with a new theory( e.g., the two-step

    flow of communication model). Conceptual models (or hypotheses) that the

    empirical studies of mass communication have advanced and cumulated so far

    are defined as middle-range theories Sociologist Robert K. Merton once advocated.

    These models are common properties for media researchers. Even if

    some of the models might become less relevant in a new media landscape in

    the 21st century, we should seek to make the best use of these properties to

    “see further on the shoulders of giants.”

  • 関心に及ぼすマスコミュニケーションの影響力について
    井手 達郎, 福島 正義
    社会科教育研究
    1957年 1957 巻 9 号 20-42
    発行日: 1957年
    公開日: 2016/12/01
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
  • 神崎 友子
    全国大学国語教育学会国語科教育研究:大会研究発表要旨集
    2011年 120 巻
    発行日: 2011/05/28
    公開日: 2020/07/15
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
  • 一学問的系譜を中心とした関係性の考察─
    吉田 右子
    図書館学会年報
    1995年 41 巻 1 号 17-30
    発行日: 1995年
    公開日: 2021/11/10
    ジャーナル フリー
     図書館情報学とコミュニケーション科学の学問的系譜に着目し,両分野の結びつきを 1930年代からの史的発展を概観しながら検討した。研究の結果, 1930年代はマスメディアの隆盛を背景にコミュニケーション研究が発達した時期であり,同時代の図書館学はコミュニケーション研究の影響を強く受けていたことが明らかになった。また1930年代に形成されたコミュニケーション理論は,図書館情報学とコミュニケーション科学のつながりをシャノンの通信理論モデル登場以前に遡って見直すための拠り所となることが判明した。
  • 林 浩輝, 梅原 英一, 小川 祐樹
    社会情報学
    2020年 8 巻 3 号 165-175
    発行日: 2020/07/01
    公開日: 2020/08/27
    ジャーナル フリー

    本研究では,政治的コミュニケーションの新たな手段として期待されるSNSの中でもTwitterに着目し,意見の一極集中やアナウンスメント効果などの世論形成理論の成立の可能性を考察した。2015年5月に実施された大阪都構想のツイートを分析対象とし,トピック分析および新聞記事と比較することで,ツイートとアカウントを賛成と反対に分類した。これを用いて賛成および反対の投稿数及びアカウント数の推移を分析した。その結果,多数派認知がTwitterの投稿に影響を与えている可能性は確認できなかったものの,リツイートのネットワーク分析の結果では,賛成と反対が明確に分かれたネットワークが存在することが分かった。また次数中心性および媒介中心性が極端に高い少数のアカウントが存在することが確認できた。その結果,オピニオンリーダーの出現とアナウンスメント効果の成立の可能性を見出すことができた。

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