Recently, the number of female dentists who have specialized in oral surgery is increasing and many of them are being active in the front lines of the field of oral surgery. Surgeons, in general, face a multitude of challenges around work-life balance. Especially, female oral surgeons often encounter a unique set of challenges, such as female specific life events including pregnancy, childbirth and childcare, as well as family care that is not specific for female, where they need to take a leave of absence or feel pressure to give up on their jobs. It is important that we take measures to not only support female oral surgeon’s career aspirations but also to facilitate return-to-work goals that would embrace both their professional and personal objectives. Unfortunately, it remains difficult for early-stage female surgeons to make a career path plan due to lack of positive female role models. Therefore, it is important for early-stage female surgeons to set career goals in their own way. At the same time, it is important to survey what female surgeons think for their future so that the Japanese Society of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons can consider for assistance to female surgeons.
The purpose of this survey was to address the following topics:
1. What are some of the main reasons female dentists choose to pursue the specialty of oral surgery?
2. To what degree each individual focuses on the specialty?
3. What are some of the main obstacles that female surgeons face in pursuing a career in oral surgery?
In this review, we report the results of the survey to share the information with the members of The Japanese Society of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.