2011 年 47 巻 1 号 p. 66-71
The purpose of this paper is to clarify how the requisition and supplementation of farming horses was carried out in wartime Japan. Through the analysis, this study makes clear the following two points.
1)The requisition of farming horses caused problems mainly in horse-using areas, such as Kanto, Hokuriku, and Tosan. In these areas, a large number of farming horses were required, and the short of horses resulted in an increase in the price. The famers were therefore obliged to substitute colts, old horses, and even cattle for horses.
2)In the summer of 1937, two methods were used to obtain substitute horses. The first was to purchase colts in cooperation, which was supported by government subsidies. The second was to purchase aged horses through livestock merchants. Farmers had to pay more money for the latter and did not know when to expect delivery.