Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Pulmonary Circulation
Maternal Outcome in Pregnancy Complicated With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Shinji KatsuragiKaoru YamanakaReiko NekiChizuko KamiyaYoshihito SasakiKazuhiro OsatoTakekazu MiyoshiKaoru KawasakiChinami HoriuchiYoshinari KobayashiKeiko UedaJun YoshimatsuKoichiro NiwaYaemi TakagiTakeshi OgoNorifumi NakanishiTomoaki Ikeda
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2012 Volume 76 Issue 9 Pages 2249-2254

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Abstract

Background: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), including Eisenmenger syndrome, has a risk of mortality in pregnancy of 10–40%. The aim of this study was to investigate whether pulmonary artery blood pressure (PABP) is a prognostic factor for pregnancy outcome in patients with PAH. Methods and Results: The subjects were 42 patients with PAH during pregnancy. Severe and mild cases were defined by PABP before and during the first 14 weeks of pregnancy, with severe cases having mean PABP >40mmHg by catheterization or systolic PABP >50mmHg on echocardiography. Eighteen women chose termination of pregnancy before 14 weeks, leaving 24 women (10 mild, 14 severe) for analysis. The women with severe PAH delivered earlier (35.4 vs. 31.5 weeks, P<0.05) and had higher rates of small-for-gestational-age infants (0/10 vs. 7/14, P<0.01). Among the women with severe PAH, the New York Heart Association class dropped by 1 in 9 cases, by 2 in 3 cases, and remained the same in 2 cases as pregnancy progressed, whereas among the women with mild PAH, the class dropped by 1 in 1 case and 9 women remained in the same class. Among the severe cases, 1 woman died and there was 1 fetal death; PABP markedly increased in later pregnancy from 54 to 74mmHg (catheter measurement) and from 78 to 93mmHg (echocardiography) (P<0.05). Conclusions: The level of PABP before or in the early stage of pregnancy is an important predictor of pregnancy outcome.  (Circ J 2012; 76: 2249–2254)

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© 2012 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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