Online ISSN : 2186-2451
Print ISSN : 1344-3542
ISSN-L : 1344-3542
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Synthesis of Quinacridone Derivatives and Their Application as High Performance Levelers in Electroplating
Peikun ZOUChunyu XIANGXuyang LINayun ZHOUBinbin FANLimin WANG
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2024 年 92 巻 5 号 p. 057002


A series of quaternary ammonium salts base on quinacridone aromatic ring were synthesized using 2,9-quinacridone as the parent material, and their leveling performance were evaluated using constant-current chronoamperometry addition curves. Additionally, the adsorption abilities of the leveler molecules on copper surfaces were investigated through quantum chemical calculations and molecular dynamics simulations, and their specific adsorption sites on the copper surface were investigated by XPS, then the effect of concentration on the leveling performance was probed by through-hole plating, and the copper surface was characterized by XRD and SEM. Among four quinacridone aryl quaternary ammonium salts, DCQA-C8-MI exhibits optimal leveling effects, serving as an excellent leveler with outstanding performance. This study expands the application scope of quinacridone aromatic heterocyclic quaternary ammonium salts and offers insights for exploring efficient organic additives for copper electrodeposition.

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© The Author(s) 2024. Published by ECSJ.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License (CC BY-NC-SA, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), which permits non-commercial reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium by share-alike, provided the original work is properly cited. For permission for commercial reuse, please email to the corresponding author. [DOI: 10.5796/electrochemistry.24-00024].
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